African Plant Database

Culcasia scandens P. Beauv.
Family : ARACEAE
Protologue : Fl. Oware 6 (1803) 
Information on the genus : Culcasia
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Denhamia scandens (P. Beauv.) Schott
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Culcasia gracilis N.E. Br. (1902)
=Culcasia lancifolia N.E. Br. (1902)
=Culcasia tepoensis A. Chev. ex Knecht
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic slender climbing herb to 1,25 m long; stems wiry, 2-3 mm Ø, producing numerous short clasping roots; leaves variable in size and shape, some rounded or slightly cordate at base; petiole 2,5-6,5 cm long; sheath spreading, terminating c. 5 mm below the blade; blade broadly elliptic, asymmetrical, 10-17x5-8 cm, translucent lines very short; base cuneate or slightly rounded not decurrent into petiole, but with a tiny interruption between upper surface midrib and upper surface petiole; tip of blade acute and hardly acuminate; peduncles 1-2, 3-6 cm long; spathe 2,5-3,5 cm long, greenish; spadix included in spathe, with an appendix; berries scarlet red.
Ecology : Closed forest; sometimes common on oil palms; on cocoa trees; ? -180-600 m alt.
  Near C. parviflora (with smaller leaves with broadly ovate to cordate leaves). C. piperoides is a distinct species according to Knecht 1983: 206.
  The type specimen of C. scandens P. Beauv. has been studied on several occasions, and the use of the name is problematic (e.g. Hepper in Kew Bull. 21: 315-326, 1967; Letouzey in Taxon 30: 794-799, 1981; Ntépé-Nyamè in Fl. Cameroun 31: 88-90, 1988).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
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Record n°33574 modified 2007-04-02
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