African Plant Database

Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott
Family : ARACEAE
Notes : [America]
Information on the genus : Xanthosoma
Basionym : Arum sagittifolium L.
Status for TA : accepted (cultivated)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Arum sagittifolium L.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Xanthosoma nigrum (Vell.) Stellfeld
=Arum nigrum Vell.
=Xanthosoma violaceum Schott
=Xanthosoma atrovirens C. Koch & Bouché
=Xanthosoma mafaffa Schott
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Large fleshy herb to 2 m tall, sometimes with a short stout aerial stem, with a milky sap; underground tuber to 35x10 cm, staining yellow when cut; leaves rosulate; petiole to > 1 m long; blade sagittate, > 70x50 cm, deep green above, paler and pruinose beneath, with subacute basal lobes; spathe to 30 cm long; tube inflated, green, to 8 cm long, persistent; limb creamy-white to yellowish-buff, erect, deciduous; spadix slightly shorter than spathe, without sterile appendix.
Ecology : Grown for its starchy tuber (“new” coco yam), in the same way as Colocasia esculenta. They are easily confused and also so with Typhonodorum lindleyanum. Young leaves eaten as a green vegetable.
  Cultivated and naturalised in tropical Africa. Native in tropical America.
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:32 (2012)
    More info on :
    see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
    see under Fgui
    see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
    carte afrique num 33605
    Record n°33605 modified 2013-12-17
    Feedback about this record