African Plant Database

Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques
Family : Anthericaceae
Protologue : J. Soc. Imp. Centr. Hort. 8: 345 (1862)
Information on the genus : Chlorophytum
Basionym : Anthericum comosum Thunb.
Status for NA : accepted (introduced)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Hartwegia comosa (Thunb.) Nees
 Caesia comosa (Thunb.) Spreng.
 Anthericum comosum Thunb.
 Phalangium comosum (Thunb.) Poir.
 Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques var. comosum
 Hollia comosa (Thunb.) Heynh.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Chlorophytum elatum var. burchellii (Baker) Baker (1816)
=Chlorophytum burchellii Baker (1876)
=Chlorophytum delagoense Baker
=Chlorophytum kirkii Baker (1882)
=Chlorophytum miserum Rendle (1895)
=Chlorophytum ramiferum Rendle (1895)
=Chlorophytum bukobense Engl. (1895)
=Chlorophytum bukobense var. kilimandscharicum Engl.
=Chlorophytum gazense Rendle (1911)
=Chlorophytum limurense Rendle (1932)
=Chlorophytum elgonense Bullock (1932)
=Chlorophytum elatulum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum glaucidulum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum glaucidulum var. pauper Poelln.
=Chlorophytum inopinum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum longum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum macrophyllum var. angustifolium Poelln.
=Chlorophytum magnum Peter ex Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum nemorosum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum paludicolum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum rugosum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum turritum Peter ex Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum usambarense Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum pulchellum auct.
=Chlorophytum brevipes Baker (1898)
=Anthericum sternbergianum Roem. & Schult.
=Chlorophytum sternbergianum (Roem. & Schult.) Steud. (1840)
=Anthericum planifolium Thunb.
=Anthericum longituberosum Poelln. (1942)
=Anthericum vallistrappii Poelln. (1942)
=Phalangium viviparum Hort.
=Cordyline vivipara Steud.
=Chlorophytum macrophyllum var. tenuifolium Engl.
Taxon infra-specific
Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques var. comosum
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Rather fleshy herb 0,15-1 m tall, often in clumps; rhizome small, ± indistinct; roots narrow to slightly swollen, often with elongated scattered tubers; plants drying green to greenish black; leaves in basal rosette, pseudopetiolate, lanceolate, glabrous, 8-40x0,5-4 cm, margins minutely scabrid; peduncles 1-4 per plant, terete, glabrous; raceme simple or with 1-2 branches, or ± paniculate; pedicels jointed above middle, 2-4 at each lower node, 4-5 mm long; bracts 4-10 mm long, outer ones glabrous, inner ones small and often ciliate on margins; tepals whitish, 5-7 mm long, 3-veined; capsule triquetrous, emarginate, 3-9x4-5 mm; plant sometimes pseudoviviparous.
Ecology : Riverine and rain-forest; rain-forest with Albizia, Macaranga, Croton, Ocotea; evergreen forests; woodlands; in shade; 50-2450 m alt.
  Cultivated as an ornamental, also as an indoor pot plant; most commonly in its variegated cultivars.
  S. Africa, Swaziland. Introduced (cultivated) throughout the tropics.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb- Ht 0.3 - 0.8 m. Alt: 25 - 1830 m. Distribution: EC, KN, LP, MP, WC, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (1997). Flora of Tropical East Africa Anthericaceae: 55-58
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bothalia 7[4]: 698-700 (1962).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Borges P.A.V., C. Abreu & al. (2008). A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores

Bibliography other :
  • Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Ser. 2 3: 334, 335 (1931) 
  • Von Raab-Straube E. & T. Raus (2018). Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 9 Willdenowia 48(2): 198 
  • Kipkoech S. & al. (2020). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Aberdare Ranges Forest, a part of Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot PhytoKeys 149: 17
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Fgui
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°33643
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