African Plant Database

Chlorophytum longifolium Schweinf. ex Baker
Family : Anthericaceae
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 327 (1876)
Information on the genus : Chlorophytum
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Anthericum longifolium A. Rich.
 Chlorophytum longifolium Schweinf. ex Baker var. longifolium
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Dasystachys papillosa (Rendle) Baker
=Chlorophytum papillosum Rendle (1895)
=Anthericum drimiopsis Baker (1876)
=Dasystachys drimiopsis (Baker) Baker ex Benth. & Hook. f. (1883)
=Chlorophytum drimiopsis (Baker) Poelln. (1945)
=Chlorophytum dolomiticum Dinter (1914)
=Chlorophytum welwitschii Poelln.
=Chlorophytum pleiophyllum Peter ex Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum poricolum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum tsumebense Dinter (1921)
=*Chlorophytum falcatum (Welw. ex Baker) Engl.
=Anthericum lunatum Poelln. (1943)
=*Anthericum falcatum Welw. ex Baker
=Dasystachys falcata Baker (1878)
Taxon infra-specific
Chlorophytum longifolium Schweinf. ex Baker var. longifolium
Chlorophytum longifolium var. aureum
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 0,5-1 m tall; rhizome moniliform, bearing fibrous remains of old leaf-bases; roots spongy, without distinct tubers; leaves rosulate, linear, often half-folded, 17-70x1-3 cm; margins ± undulate, ciliate; peduncle terete, glabrous below, densely papillate-pubescent above, 35-70 cm long; raceme subspicate, unbranched or with 1-3 basal branches; rachis densely pubescent; bracts linear, to 15 cm long; pedicels articulated at apex, to 1,5-5 mm long, often pubescent, 2-5 at each lower node; perianth white, bell-shaped to urceolate; tepals 8-11x2,5-4mm, 3-veined, papillate; capsule oblong, deeply 3-lobed, smooth, 6-10 mm long.
Ecology : Grassland; woodland, often on hill slopes, on shallow, rocky soils; doloritic rocky soils; 400-2000 m alt.
  A record from S Somalia in Cufod., Enum.: 1535, 1971 (based on specim. Corradi 4635) is C. tuberosum (Thulin, Fl. Somalia 4: 47, 1995).
  Botswana, Namibia.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb- Ht up to 0.8 m. Alt: 850 - 2000 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (1997). Flora of Tropical East Africa Anthericaceae: 17-19
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bothalia 7[4]: 703 (1962).
  • Kirkia 15: 43-111 (1994).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
carte afrique num 33662
Record n°33662
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