African Plant Database

Chlorophytum colubrinum (Welw. ex Baker) Engl.
Family : Anthericaceae
Information on the genus : Chlorophytum
Basionym : Dasystachys colubrina Welw. ex Baker
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Anthericum colubrinum Welw. ex Baker
 Dasystachys colubrina Welw. ex Baker
 Chlorophytum colubrinum (Welw. ex Baker) Engl. var. colubrinum
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Chlorophytum campanulatum (Baker) Engl.
=Dasystachys campanulata Baker (1878)
=Anthericum pleiostachyum Welw. ex Baker
=Chlorophytum pleiostachyum (Welw. ex Baker) T. Durand & Schinz
=Chlorophytum dolichostachys Engl. & Gilg (1903)
=Chlorophytum maculatum Dammer (1912)
=Chlorophytum subpapillosum Poelln. (1945)
=Chlorophytum crassifolium (Baker) Poelln.
=Dasystachys crassifolia Baker (1898)
=Chlorophytum engleri var. angustifolium Poelln.
=Chlorophytum nguluense Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum rubromarginatum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum decoratum (Baker) Marais & Reilly
=Dasystachys decorata Baker (1898)
=Dasystachys stenophylla R.E. Fr.
=Chlorophytum stenophyllum (R.E. Fr.) Marais & Reilly
=Chlorophytum engleri (Baker) Poelln. excl. syn. C. africanum Engl.
=Dasystachys grantii var. engleri Baker
=Chlorophytum linearifolium Marais & Reilly
=Dasystachys pulchella P.A. Duvign. & Dewit
=Chlorophytum poggei Engl. ex Poelln. (1945)
=*Chlorophytum verdickii (De Wild.) Poelln.
=Dasystachys verdickii De Wild. (1903)
=Dasystachys pleiostachya Baker (1878)
=Dasystachys hockii De Wild. (1911)
=Dasystachys bequaertii De Wild. (1913)
=Dasystachys grantii Benth.
=Campylandra dasystachys Welw. ex Baker (1878)
Taxon infra-specific
Chlorophytum colubrinum (Welw. ex Baker) Engl. var. colubrinum
Chlorophytum colubrinum var. upembense Meerts
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb often in clumps, 0,2-1,5 m tall; rhizome thick, regularly constricted, with fibrous remains of old leaf-bases; roots spongy; leaves sheathing at base often with purple spots, 12-75x0,5-4 cm, glabrous but margins scabrid to shortly ciliate; peduncle terete, glabrous, to subpapillose, 20-95 cm tall; raceme narrow, subspicate, rarely with a few branches at base, often dense, 1,5-30 cm long; rachis angled, winged; pedicels articulated at apex, glabrous, 1-8 mm long, solitary; lower bracts 8-21 mm long, margins red; perianth white, sometimes with greenish apices, ± bell-shaped; tepals connate, cucullate, 6-10x1,5-3 mm, 1-veined; capsule ovoid, triquetrous, emarginate, 4-8x3,5-5 mm.
Ecology : Open woodland; wooded grassland: often on stony, gravelly, light soils; sometimes in seasonally flooded grassland; beside stream in Pinus plantation; 500-3000 m alt. – Sometimes on copper soils (C. linearifolium, Dasystachys pulchella, see Plant Ecol. Evol. 143: 10, 2010). Ecology in this case: Chaotic rocky slope of a cupriferous hill; meadow with xerophyta on very toxic soil (2000-5000 ppm); sometimes abundant.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (1997). Flora of Tropical East Africa Anthericaceae: 19-20
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Record n°33704
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