African Plant Database


Chlorophytum africanum (Baker) Engl.
Family : Anthericaceae
Family (APGIII) : ASPARAGACEAE
Information on the genus : Chlorophytum
Basionym : Caesia africana Baker
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Caesia africana Baker (1875)
 Dasystachys africana (Baker) T. Durand & H. Durand
 Chlorophytum africanum (Baker) Engl. var. africanum
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Chlorophytum marginatum var. hispidulum Poelln.
=Chlorophytum turuense var. micranthum Poelln.
=Dasystachys marginata (Rendle) Baker
=Chlorophytum marginatum Rendle (1895)
=Chlorophytum turuense Poelln. var. turuense
=Chlorophytum turuense Poelln.
 
Taxon infra-specific
Chlorophytum africanum (Baker) Engl. var. africanum
Chlorophytum africanum var. silvaticum (Dammer) Meerts
Chlorophytum africanum var. nordalianum Meerts (2012)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Rhizomatous herb often clumped, 10-50 cm tall with fibrous remains of old leaf-bases; rhizome regularly constricted; leaves rosulate, glabrous, linear-lanceolate, 5-50x1,5-5 cm; cataphylls and leaves with red-ciliate margins and sometimes also veins (var. africanum) or margins glabrous with short pallid cilia; peduncle terete, glabrous to pubescent; inflorescence a moderately dense subspicate raceme, unbranched or with a single basal branch, 2-20 cm long; rachis subterete, angled, scabrid to shortly pubescent; pedicels articulated at apex, to 3 mm long, solitary at nodes; perianth white, ± bell-shaped; tepals 5-7 mm long, 1-veined; capsule triquetrous, deeply lobed, emarginate, 2-4x3-5,5 mm.
Ecology : Acacia, Commiphora woodland and degraded such; miombo on laterite; rocky hillsides; gravelly roadsides; red sandy soils; often in partial shade; remnants of Juniperus forest; Brachystegia woodland; often on ± degraded, badly drained, loamy or sandy, black or reddish soils (var. silvaticum); 1-100-2300 m alt.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (1997). Flora of Tropical East Africa Anthericaceae: 21-22
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
 
Map
carte afrique num 33755
 
Record n°33755
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