African Plant Database

Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.) Baker
Family : Anthericaceae
Information on the genus : Chlorophytum
Basionym : Anthericum tuberosum Roxb.
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Anthericum tuberosum Roxb.
 Phalangium tuberosum (Roxb.) Kunth
 Liliago tubersosa (Roxb.) C. Presl
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Chlorophytum russii Chiov. (1916)
=Chlorophytum kulsii Cufod. (1969)
=Chlorophytum anthericoideum Dalzell
=Anthericum kilimandscharicum Poelln. (1942)
=Anthericum anthericoideum Hochst. ex A. Rich.
=Anthericum ornithogaloides Hochst. ex A. Rich.
=Phalangium ornithogaloides (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Schweinf. & Asch.
=Phalangium indicum (Schult. & Schult. f.) Kunth
=Ornithogalum indicum Schult. & Schult. f.
=Acrospira lilioides A. Chev. (1908)
=Phalangium niveum Poir.
=Liliago nivea (Poir.) C. Presl
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 0,2-1 m tall; rhizome often with fibrous remnants from previous year’s leaves; roots with distal tubers > 5 cm long; leaves rosulate, lanceolate, glabrous, 10-50x1-6 cm, sheathing; peduncle 10-35 cm long, glabrous, terete; inflorescence unbranched, rarely with a few basal branches, racemose, dense, to 17 cm long; pedicels articulated in lower half to near middle, to 10 mm long, 2-3 at each lower node; flowers shallowly bowl-shaped; tepals, c. 20x6-9 mm, 10-14-veined; capsule deeply triquetrous, 15x8-12 mm, slightly emarginate.
Ecology : Woodland; bushland; sometimes abundant and widespread on basement soils; usually on badly drained, heavy black cotton soils; sometimes on lighter, sandy and lateritic soils; often in seasonally flooded areas; wet depressions on clay; degraded Combretum, Terminalia vegetation; 5-1700 m alt.
  C. longifolium reported from S Somalia (specim. Corradi 4635) is C. tuberosum.
  India (Kew Bull. 67: 285-292, 2012).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (1997). Flora of Tropical East Africa Anthericaceae: 28-30
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
carte afrique num 33776
Record n°33776
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