African Plant Database


Chlorophytum sparsiflorum Baker
Family : Anthericaceae
Family (APGIII) : ASPARAGACEAE
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 325 (1876)
Information on the genus : Chlorophytum
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Chlorophytum elongato-fusiforme De Wild. (1921)
 Chlorophytum comosum var. sparsiflorum (Baker) A. D. Poulsen & Nordal (2005)
 Chlorophytum sparsiflorum Baker var. sparsiflorum
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Chlorophytum ituriense De Wild. (1921)
=Chlorophytum butaguense De Wild. (1921)
=Chlorophytum deistelianum Engl. & K. Krause
=*Chlorophytum stenopetalum A. Chev.
=Chlorophytum grewenii Engl. & K. Krause
=Chlorophytum ledermannii Engl. & K. Krause
=Chlorophytum beniense De Wild. (1921)
=Chlorophytum semlikiense De Wild. (1921)
=Chlorophytum thollonianum Hua (1897)
=Chlorophytum viviparum A. Chev. (1920)
=*Chlorophytum viviparum var. maritimum A. Chev.
 
Taxon infra-specific
Chlorophytum sparsiflorum Baker var. sparsiflorum
Chlorophytum sparsiflorum var. bipindense (Engl. & K. Krause) Bjorå & Nordal (2010)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Slender to ± robust herb 25-40 cm tall, drying light green; rhizome short; roots with distal fleshy tubers 2,5 cm long; leaves in a rosette, oblanceolate, 15-40x3-7 cm, acute-mucronate, base tapering into a variably defined petiole (winged distinct petiole 7-17 cm long in var. bipindense, or lamina narrowing ± gradually towards base and petiole ± indistinct in var. sparsiflorum); lamina dark green above, paler beneath; inflorescence as long as leaves, simple or rarely with 2 lateral branches; rachis scabrid; bracts glabrous, 5-20x3-5 mm; flowers 1-3 per node; pedicels 6-10 mm long, jointed near middle or in upper half; tepals white to greenish or yellowish, 5-8x1,5-2 mm, 3-veined; pseudovivipary often present; capsule 3-7x4-8 mm; seed cup-shaped.
Ecology : Primary or secondary forest; forest margins; sometimes along rivers, forest gallery; moist clearing in forest with Gilbertiodendron dewevrei; mountain forest with Chrysophyllum fulvum; shady slopes; also as a weed in plantations (tea, etc.); 130-2200 m alt.
  Very variable taxon; has been included in C. comosum s.l. with 3 infraspecific taxa distinguished
  A distinctive variant of the C. sparsiflorum-C. comosum complex, C. sp. A “near comosum”, is reported by Meerts & Bjorå, o.c.: 406, from Zaire and Burundi, a plant not blackening in herbarium

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (1997). Flora of Tropical East Africa Anthericaceae: 57
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
 
Map
carte afrique num 33832
 
Record n°33832 modified 2007-04-02
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