African Plant Database

Chlorophytum blepharophyllum Schweinf. ex Baker
Family : Anthericaceae
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 327 (1876)
Information on the genus : Chlorophytum
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Chlorophytum blepharophyllum Schweinf. ex Baker subsp. blepharophyllum
 Chlorophytum blepharophyllum Schweinf. ex Baker var. blepharophyllum
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Chlorophytum amplexicaule Baker (1876)
=Anthericum amplexifolium Engl. ex Poelln. (1942)
=Anthericum ruwense De Wild. (1913)
=Chlorophytum ciliatum Baker (1878)
=Chlorophytum brunneum Baker (1898)
=Chlorophytum fibrosum Engl. & K. Krause
=Chlorophytum nigrescens De Wild. (1911)
=Chlorophytum homblei De Wild. (1913)
=Chlorophytum saxicolum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum distachyum Peter ex Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum kerstingii Dammer (1912)
=Chlorophytum kombense Peter ex Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum longibracteatum De Wild. (1911)
=*Chlorophytum stipitatum Poelln. (1945)
=Chlorophytum trichocraspedum Peter ex Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum viriduliflorum Poelln. (1947)
=Anthericum viridulobrunneum Poelln. (1942)
=*Anthericum ciliatum Baker
=Chlorophytum blepharophyllum var. rubropygmaeus Bjorå & Nordal (2008)
=Chlorophytum blepharophyllum subsp. pendulum Hoell & Nordal (2008)
Taxon infra-specific
Chlorophytum blepharophyllum Schweinf. ex Baker subsp. blepharophyllum
Chlorophytum blepharophyllum var. amplexicaule (Baker) Meerts (2012)
Chlorophytum blepharophyllum Schweinf. ex Baker var. blepharophyllum
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb growing single or clumped, 5-80 cm tall; rhizome with fibrous remains of old leaf-bases; roots spongy, often tuberous; leaves rosulate, clasping the scape; lamina linear-lanceolate, 4-66x0,5-12 cm, ± canaliculate; margins ciliate; leaves expanding at flowering time, becoming larger in fruiting; hysteranthous forms sometimes observed; scape terete, glabrous, 5-40 cm long; inflorescence usually unbranched, occasionally with a few branches at base 8-15 cm long; rachis papillose to pubescent; pedicels articulated near or distinctly above middle, 3-10 mm long, 2-4 at lower nodes; flowers sweet scented; perianth whitish tinged greenish cream to purplish or brownish; tepals 6-8x1,5-2,5 mm, 3-5-veined, scabrid on margins and veins; capsule obovoid, emarginate, 3-quetrous, 6-10 mm long, not pseudo-viviparous (cf. C. comosum).
Ecology : Open deciduous woodland and grassland, grassland margins; rocky outcrops; often on light sandy and stony soils, both damp and dry, sometimes grazed and eroded; Brachystegia woodland; amongst stones in moist savanna; clayey soils, under shade; Combretum collinum, C. molle, Annona senegalensis woodland; gallery forest; 50-2450 m alt.
  C. blepharophyllum is very variable; hysteranthous forms are sometimes reported, also such with deep purple leaves.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:28 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°33893
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