African Plant Database

Chlorophytum gallabatense Schweinf. ex Baker
Family : Anthericaceae
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 325 (1876)
Information on the genus : Chlorophytum
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Chlorophytum gallabatense Schweinf. ex Baker var. gallabatense
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Chlorophytum breviflorum De Wild. (1913)
=Chlorophytum katangense De Wild. (1911)
=Chlorophytum psammophilum Engl. & Gilg (1903)
=Chlorophytum ukambense Baker (1898)
=Chlorophytum rivae Engl. (1902)
=Chlorophytum ginirense Dammer
=Chlorophytum ramulosum De Wild. (1911)
=*Chlorophytum breviscapum Dammer (1912) non Dalziel
=Chlorophytum hockii De Wild. (1913)
=Chlorophytum longistylum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum riparium Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum elachistanthum Cufod. (1969)
=Chlorophytum longiramum Peter ex Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum polyscapum Peter ex Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum sociale Poelln.
=*Chlorophytum sudanicum A. Chev. (1920)
=Chlorophytum umbraticulum Poelln. (1947)
Taxon infra-specific
Chlorophytum gallabatense var. micranthum (Baker) Meerts
Chlorophytum gallabatense Schweinf. ex Baker var. gallabatense
Chlorophytum gallabatense var. floribundum
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 15-75 cm tall; rhizome moniliform; roots bearing small tubers; leaves 4-13, rosulate, lanceolate, usually glabrous, 10-75x1-8 cm, contemporary with flowers, or appearing after anthesis, apex with a fine point; peduncle terete, 10-50 cm long, glabrous or papillate to pubescent (above), simple or ± paniculate, rachis often papillate; pedicels 2-4 per node, articulated below, near or above middle, 3-10 mm long; tepals greenish or whitish keeled green, 5-8x1-2 mm, 3-5-veined; capsule triquetrous, emarginate, 3-7x4-7 mm.
Ecology : Degraded and heavily grazed deciduous woodland and bushland; open Acacia, Commiphora or Brachystegia woodland; woodland with Combretum collinum, C. molle, Annona senegalensis; Pterocarpus, Anogeissus woodland; disturbed grassland; sometimes in shade; ± open places; sometimes on termite mounds; laterite sandy loam to heavy clay; moist places in savanna; hollow on hardpan; 20-2500 m alt.
  Confused with C. comosum, in particular shade forms, but flowers greenish (white in C. comosum), and root tubers small (long, spongy in C. comosum).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:28 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°33922
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