African Plant Database

Chlorophytum macrophyllum (A. Rich.) Asch.
Family : Anthericaceae
Information on the genus : Chlorophytum
Basionym : Anthericum macrophyllum A. Rich.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Anthericum macrophyllum A. Rich.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Chlorophytum fuchsianum De Wild. (1904)
=Chlorophytum massaicum K. Krause (1921)
=Chlorophytum kyimbilense Poelln.
=Chlorophytum kilimandscharicum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum longipaniculatum Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum schweinfurthii Baker (1898) p.p.
=Chlorophytum hyacinthinum Peter ex Poelln. (1947)
=Chlorophytum macrophyllum var. albiflorum A. Chev.
=Chlorophytum macrophyllum var. kymbilense Poelln.
=Chlorophytum melanocarpum (Chiov.) Marais & Reilly
=Dasystachys melanocarpa Chiov.
=Chlorophytum leucolepis Welw. ex Baker
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb often clumped, 60-90 cm tall; dried specimens pale brownish(-green), not blackish (= C. filipendulum); rhizome short; roots spongy with spindle-shaped tubers c. 6 cm long; leaves lanceolate, in basal rosette, 28-90x1,5-12 cm and some on a pseudo-stem; peduncle terete, leafless, glabrous; inflorescence unbranched, ± dense, rachis smooth; bracts 10-25 mm long; pedicels fascicled, lower ones to 9 per node, articulated at apex, 8-13 mm long; perianth white; tepals 8-15 mm long, 5-veined; capsule shallowly deltoid 5-8 mm long.
Ecology : Epiphytic in crevices of trunk and main branches of fallow fig tree; stream banks; often on stony doleritic soils; riverine forest; dry evergreen forest; usually in shade; also in more open woodland, bushland; swampy grassland on black soils; rarely on coral rock; forest edges; 100-2800 m alt.
  Intermediate forms towards C. comosum are known; confused with C. filipendulum (with papillate rachis). Also difficult to distinguish from C. clarae: root system and ripe capsules needed for identification.
  In Sierra Leone and Ghana ? Distribution from Senegal to Mozambique, but probably confused with C. blepharophyllum (see above under this species), and some other species.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:29 (2012)
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°33964
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