African Plant Database


Pycreus nitidus (Lam.) J. Raynal
Protologue : Kew Bull. 23: 314 (1969)
Information on the genus : Pycreus
Basionym : Cyperus nitidus Lam.
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cyperus nitidus Lam.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Pycreus umbrosus C.B. Clarke (1895)
=Pycreus lanceus (Thunb.) Turrill
=Cyperus lanceus Thunb. (1794)
=Pycreus umbrosus Nees (1835)
=Pycreus lanceus var. melanopus (Boeckeler) Troupin
=Cyperus lanceus var. melanopus Boeckeler
=Cyperus fulvus Ridl. (1884)
=Pycreus umbrosus Clark (1895)
=*Cyperus lanceus C.B. Clarke (1883)
=Cyperus brunneoater Boeckeler (1884)
=Pycreus antisirabensis Cherm. (1919)
=Pycreus antisirabensis var. densior Cherm. (1925)
=Cyperus lanceus var. divaricatus Kük. (1913)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Perennial herb with long stolons (to > 40 cm x 3-8 mm Ø) sometimes branching, rooting at nodes, not developing sterile leafy stems; base of plant massive, with scales and (old) leaf bases; culms usually solitary, 15-70 cm long, 1,3-3 mm Ø, trigonous to triquetrous, smooth; leaves several at base of culm; sheath pale yellowish-brown, brown to almost black, 2,5-14 cm long; blade linear, flattish plicate, 18-70 cm x 2,5-8,6 mm, acute to acuminate, apex glabrous to minutely scabrid; inflorescence simple with spikelets in ovoid, digitate clusters, sessile or at end of primary branches; these 4-9, 0-10 cm long; spikelets 5-30 per cluster, ovoid (-oblong), 8-16x3-4,3 mm, flattened, shining brown.- Before commercial salt was available, plants were burnt and the ashes lixivated to obtain a cooking salt. Culms used for mats (Simpson & Inglis, l.c.).
Ecology : Before commercial salt was available, plants were burnt and the ashes lixivated to obtain a cooking salt. Culms used for mats (Simpson & Inglis, l.c.).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Sudd hydrophyte, Helophyte, Cyperoid- Ht 0.2 - 0.5 m. Alt: 5 - 2120 m. Distribution: BOT, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NW, WC
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Herb; distribution: Africa.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • PEYRE DE FABRÈGUES B. & J. P. LEBRUN (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort : 341
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 114
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 127

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • HUTCHINSON, J. & J.M. DALZIEL (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa: Second Edition 3[2]: 300
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
More information >> ( work in progress )
 
Record n°36220
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