African Plant Database

Pycreus capillifolius (A. Rich.) C.B. Clarke
Protologue : Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 535 (1895)
Information on the genus : Pycreus
Basionym : Cyperus capillifolius A. Rich.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cyperus capillifolius A. Rich. (1850)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Cyperus afzelii Boeckeler (1867)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Annual herb; culms tufted, 5-31,5 cm long, 0,4-1 mm Ø, trigonous, smooth; leaves to 20 cm long; sheath 2-4,5 cm long, brown; blade narrowly linear to filiform, 5-17 cm x0,6-1,2 mm, glabrous, apex acuminate (glabrous to minutely scabrid); inflorescence appearing lateral, capitate, 1-3 cm Ø, with 8-30 sessile spikelets per head, linear-oblong, 0,6-2 cm x 1,3-2 mm; glumes golden yellowish-brown.
Ecology : Deep soils of hollows; humid places on quartzite; Loudetia arundinacea grassland with scattered trees, on rocky outcrop with wet flushes and thin soil with Selaginella njamnjamensis, Aeollanthus spp., Aloe sp. and many annuals; shallow wet soils on rock; damp grassland; swampy areas; often on rock outcrops; stream edges; rice nurseries, ricefileds; roadsides; bare sands; slightly salt-tolerant; near sea-level to 2040 m alt.
Biol./Eco : Herb; distribution: Africa. New World,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • BOUDET G. & J.P. LEBRUN (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16 : 362
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:54 (2012)
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 114
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 128

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • HUTCHINSON, J. & J.M. DALZIEL (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa: Second Edition 3[2]: 301
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°36237
Feedback about this record