African Plant Database


Scleria melanomphala Kunth
Protologue : Enum. Pl. (Kunth) 2: 345 (1837) 
Information on the genus : Scleria
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Scleria centralis Cherm.
=Scleria longigluma Kük.
=Scleria macrantha Boeckeler (1879), non (1858)
=Scleria melanomphala var. macrantha (Boeckeler) C.B. Clarke
=Scleria melanomphala f. oculo-albo C.B. Clarke
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tussock-forming evergreen perennial herb, 0,6-2,4 m tall from a rhizome 4-6 mm Ø; culms to 1 cm Ø, glabrous, but angles minutely to strongly scabrid; lower leaf sheaths reddish with or without very short densely hairy blades; inflorescence of 1 terminal and 5-9 lateral often drooping lanceolate panicles 2-10 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, borne singly or 2-3 at nodes on pendulous peduncles exserted to 30 cm from sheaths; male spikelets 0,8-1,3 cm long, ± sessile; glumes straw-coloured with usually dark reddish-brown margins and green scabrid midrib; females similar with glumes 1-1,2 cm long, midrib hispidulous or hairy; nutlet white, shining, like alabaster, ovoid, c. 4-5x3 mm, smooth, glabrous.
Ecology : On laterite near water holes; wet alluvium; in relict Syzygium evergreen riverine forest, in shade; bog in very thick grass and bushes; swamp or marshy grassland; river and lake edges; permanently wet swamps; ricefields; Raphia formations; fallow sides; sometimes in large floating formations; cataracts of streams; 100-1800 m alt.
  Variable species.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Emergent hydrophyte, Helophyte, Cyperoid- Ht 0.6 - 1.8 m. Alt: 2 - 1040 m. Distribution: BOT, EC, KN, LP, MP, SWZ
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Herb; Subhumid; Anthropic, Forest, Freshwater Wetland, Shrubland; 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m, 1500-1999 m; distribution: Africa.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 116
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 142

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • HUTCHINSON, J. & J.M. DALZIEL (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa: Second Edition 3[2]: 340
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
More information >> ( work in progress )
 
Record n°36424 modified 2009-09-24
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