African Plant Database

Cladium mariscus subsp. jamaicense (Crantz) Kük.
Protologue : Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis, Beihefte 40 40: 523 (1937)
Information on the genus : Cladium
Basionym : Cladium jamaicense Crantz
Status for MA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Cladium jamaicense Crantz
Status for SA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Cladium jamaicense Crantz
Status for TA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Cladium jamaicense Crantz
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cladium jamaicense Crantz (1766)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Cladium mariscus auct. sensu C.B.Clarke, non (L.) Pohl
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Perennial herb 1-3(-5) m tall, stoloniferous, and with an erect woody rhizome c. 1 cm Ø; multiple stolons arizing from one rhizome, 5-20 cm long, 0,5 cm Ø, with many scales; stems rounded, sometimes bluntly trigonous, 0,4-2,2 cm Ø, hollow except for nodes; basal leaves without sheaths, linear, plicate, with spine-like teeth on margins and midrib; cauline leaves spirally arranged, linear, plicate; sheaths brown, 5-18 cm long; blades 0,59-2,25 m long, 0,7-2,8 cm wide, with spine like teeth, apex acuminate; lowermost inflorescence bracts leaf-like; inflorescence a panicle 30-90 cm long, primary branches long; secondary and tertiary branches 0,5-2 cm long; each main branch bearing 100-1500 spikelets; spikelets 3-7 per spike, lanceolate, 3-5,7 mm long; nutlet ovoid, pale brown, rugose.
Ecology : Bogs, swamps, lake edges; dry marshes; marshy woodland; marshy bases of sand dunes (cf. Adam & Naegele in Not. Syst. Paris 16: 317-322, 1961); floating mats (meadows); sometimes in large stands (S. Africa); can tolerate saline conditions; near sea-level to 2300 m alt.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Emergent hydrophyte, Helophyte, Cyperoid- Ht 1 - 6 m. Alt: 1 - 1400 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, EC, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW, WC
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°36828 modified 2007-04-24
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