African Plant Database

Cyperus articulatus L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 44 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Cyperus
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Chlorocyperus articulatus Rikli (1895)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Perennial leafless herb to c. 2 m tall with solitary culms from the end of stolons; stolons ± woody, to 10 cm long, 2-8 mm Ø, clothed with blackish or purple scales; culms few, 0,6-1,6 m long, 3-14 mm Ø, rounded, pith-filled, with traverse rings at 0,5-5 cm intervals, only lower part covered with 3-5 sheaths, the very base swollen and woody; leaves reduced to sheaths 3-28 cm long ending in a triangular limb; inflorescence a compound terminal lax anthela 4-15 cm Ø with 1-3 sessile spikelet clusters and 2-10 pendunculate clusters of ± new sessile and stalked clusters; primary branches 5-8, 1-10 cm long; inflorescence bracts scale-like; spikelets cigar-shaped, 0,5-5 cm long, 20-50-flowered.
Ecology : River sand banks; growing gregariously on marshy river banks with Phoenix spinosa; growing with Limnophyton obtusifolium at edges of lake; rice fields; cultivated around dwelling places and on channels of sandy fields for retaining banks (erosion control) often occurring in pure stands; 0-1970 m alt.
  There are many variants (hybrids ?, introgression ?).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Emergent hydrophyte, Helophyte, Cyperoid- Ht 0.6 - 1.6 m. Alt: 2 - 1065 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, KN, LP, MP, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Herb; distribution: Mascarenes, Seychelles, Africa, Asia, Australasia/Pacific,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • PEYRE DE FABRÈGUES B. & J. P. LEBRUN (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort : 327
  • BOUDET G. & J.P. LEBRUN (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16 : 355
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:43 (2012)
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 103
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 118

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • HUTCHINSON, J. & J.M. DALZIEL (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa: Second Edition 3[2]: 285

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • MONOD, TH. (1940). Contributions à l'étude du Sahara occidental. Fasc. II. Phanérogames. Etud. Hist. Sci. Afr. Occ. Ser.B : 1
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris. : 140
  • HAINES, R. W. & K. A. LYE (1983). The sedges and rushes of East africa : 183
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice. : 490
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 4: 380 (2005).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°37581 modified 2007-04-24
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