African Plant Database

Burmannia madagascariensis Baker
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20(1): 268 (1883)
Information on the genus : Burmannia
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Burmannia madagascariensis Mart. & Zucc. (1824)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Burmannia bicolor var. africana Ridl.
=Burmannia capensis Mart. (1816)
=Burmannia bakeri Hochr. (1908)
=Burmannia bicolor var. micrantha Engl. & Gilg
=Burmannia blanda Gilg (1903)
=Burmannia chariensis Schltr. (1925)
=Burmannia inhambanensis Schltr. (1912)
=Burmannia latialata Hua
=Burmannia letestui Schltr. (1925)
=Burmannia liberica Engl. (1912)
=Burmannia paniculata Willd. ex Schult. f. (1830)
=Burmannia welwitschii Schltr. (1925)
=*Burmannia caillei A. Chev. (1920)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Annual herb, (partly or) non-saprophytic, 2-40 cm tall, with rhizome; stems usually simple, filiform, pale green and/or tinged purplish; basal leaves 1-10, rosulate, linear, to 12x1-2 mm; stem leaves lanceolate to ovate, 2-5x1 mm; flowers 1-9 in a bifid cyme, subsessile, 0,3-1,5 cm long, cyme branches to 1,5 cm long; flowers 5-8 mm long; purple, lilac, mauve, pale blue, white, yellow or green; perianth tube trigonous, 2-3 mm long; wings decurrent from base of perianth lobes to base of ovary or pedicel, 2-13x1-5 mm; capsule obovoid.
Ecology : Dambos and other open areas of shallow water, often with Xyris, Eriocaulon, Utricularia, Drosera, Cyperaceae; sweating flagstone with moss, Utricularia sp.; wet places along streams; marshes; edges of lakes; damp places near rock outcrops; swamp; peat-bog on humid sandstone (vide Rev. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 16: 114-115, 1936); on inselbergs: Burmannio madagascariensis-Loudetiopsietum glabratae assoc. (Phytocoenol. 36: 583-584, 2006); ephemeral flush vegetation (ibid. 35: 392, 393, 2005); temporary swamp on rock with Afrotrilepis pilosa; 1-1700 m alt.
  S. Africa; Madagascar, Mauritius.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (2010). Flore du Gabon. 41: 14
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
carte afrique num 39403
Record n°39403 modified 2011-12-05
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