African Plant Database


Juncus bufonius L.
Family : JUNCACEAE
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 328 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Juncus
 
 
Status
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (indigenous)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Juncus bufonius L. subsp. bufonius
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Juncus bufonius f. minutulus Albert & Jahand. (1908)
=Juncus minutulus (Albert & Jahand.) Prain (1921)
=Juncus bufonius subsp. minutulus (Albert & Jahand.) Soó (1971)
=Juncus bufonius var. parvulus Hartm. (1858)
=Juncus dinteri Poelln. (1940)
=Juncus bufonius var. laxus Celak. (1869)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Juncus bufonius L. subsp. bufonius
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Annual tufted herb, with 1 stem 2-45 cm tall, simple or branched from base, leafy; sheathing cataphylls evident at stem-base; leaf blade 1-25x0,1-0,2 cm; inflorescence a much-branched panicle with 1-sided cymes; flowers with short pedicels, laxly arranged; capsule ovoid to ellipsoid, 3,5-5 mm long, shorter than perianth, apex acute to subacute.
Ecology : Waterlogged soil; damp or wet places near streams and paths in grassland and cultivated land; irrigated fields, gardens; 1980-3260 m alt.
  Very variable in general habit (and the occurrence of cleistogamous triandrous forms).
  Cosmopolitan, in temperate areas and mountains (highlands in the tropics), but Europe and W Asia may be considered as the native distribution area (frequent dispersal with waterfowl).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : annual-Herb- Ht 0.03 - 0.3 m. Alt: 120 - 1320 m. Distribution: EC, FS, KN, NC, WC

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • BATTANDIER, J. A. & TRABUT, M. (1895). Flore de l'Algérie et catalogue des plantes du Maroc. [Monocot. ou vol.2] 2: 90 
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 114 (1931). 
  • PAMPANINI, R. (1931). Prodromo della Flora Cirenaica.  
  • CUÉNOD, A. (1954). Flore analytique et synoptique de la Tunisie. Office de l'Expérimentation et de la Vulgarisation Agricoles.  
  • Fl. Afrique N. 4: 263 (1957). 
  • NÈGRE, R. (1961). Petite flore des régions arides du Maroc occidental. 1: 107
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 1: 187 (1962).
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 107 (1980).
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 3 3: 219 
  • VALDÉS, B., REJDALI, M., ACHHAL EL KADMIRI, JURY, J. L. & J. M. MONTSERRAT (2002). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. II 2: 739
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 3: 98 (2002).
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2014). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.3] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 3: 456
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 41719
 
Record n°41719
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