African Plant Database

Smilax anceps Willd.
Protologue : Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willd.] 4(2): 782 (1806) 
Information on the genus : Smilax
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Smilax kraussiana Meisn. (1845)
=Smilax morsaniana Kunth (1850)
=Smilax mossambicensis Garcke (1864)
=Smilax cynodon Cordem. (1895)
=Smilax semi-amplexicaulis Bojer (1837)
=Smilax goudotiana DC. (1874)
=Smilax telfaireana DC. (1874)
=Smilax herbacea Thunb. (1808)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Climbing glabrous shrub with stems to 5 m long, flexuose, basally often with prickles 1-3 mm long; leaves alternate, with petiole 0,5-2,5 cm long, with a pair of spirally curled tendrils at base; blade circular to oblong, 4-17x1,5-12 cm, rounded or subcordate at base, margins thickened; umbels axillary, dense, solitary, many-flowered, peduncle 0,8-2 cm long; pedicels 0,4-1,2 cm long; perianth segments 3-5 mm long, greenish white, brownish or yellowish; berry purple or black, 0,8-1 cm wide.
Ecology : Forest edges; clearings; secondary associations of bushland and thicket, commonly along rivers, lakesides, marshes; savanna; wet evergreen forest; rain-forest with Albizia, Macaranga, Croton, Ocotea, at edge; tall-grass grassland; sandy flooded soils; road sides; sometimes on metalliferous soils; c. 0-2400 m alt.
  Leaves edible; the compact rhizome is a source of starch.
  Bioko/Fernando Poo; S. Africa, Swaziland; Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion, Comoro Isl., Seychelles.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Shrub, Climber- Ht 0.8 - ? m. Alt: 5 - 1700 m. Distribution: EC, KN, LP, MP, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Liana; distribution: Comoros, Mascarenes, Africa,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:121 (2012)
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 79
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 97

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 75 (1995).
  • KLOPPER R.R., CHATELAIN C,. & AL. (2006). Checklist Flowering Plants of Sub-Saharan Africa. Sabonet report 42 : 867
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°42840 modified 2009-09-24
Feedback about this record