African Plant Database

Smilax aspera L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 1028 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Smilax
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Smilax aspera var. altissima Moris & De Not. (1839)
=Smilax mauritanica Poir. (1789)
=Smilax aspera var. mauritanica (Poir.) Gren. & Godr. (1855)
=Smilax pendulina Lowe (1833)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Near S. anceps but: leaf blades lanceolate to triangular, usually truncate or cordate or hastate or sagittate at base, widest much below middle; inflorescence of several ± sessile umbels along an extended flexuose rhachis 1,5-15 cm long; flowers fragrant.
Ecology : Scrambling over shrubs or trees in forest or forest edges; sometimes on road sides; forest clearings; rocky places of evergreen forest and associated bushland or thicket; often in damp places near rivers, marshes; lava plain; 1450-3200 m alt.
  Also cultivated (Cullen & al., Europ. Gard. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 173, 2011).
  Canary Isl.; W. Europe; widespread in the Mediterranean area: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya; Cyprus, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Syria; Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, China.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 75 (1995).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 867 (2006).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • CUÉNOD, A. (1954). Flore analytique et synoptique de la Tunisie. Office de l'Expérimentation et de la Vulgarisation Agricoles.  
  • Fl. Afrique N. 5: 238 (1958).
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 1: 209 (1962).
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 74 (1980).
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 3 3: 493 
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1989). Flora of Libya.
  • HANSEN, A. & P. SUNDING (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie : catalogue synonymique commenté
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2014). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.3] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 3: 362
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under herbiergdebelair
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°42842 modified 2008-11-06
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