African Plant Database

Typha domingensis Pers.
Protologue : Syn. Pl. (Persoon) 2[2]: 532 (1807)
Information on the genus : Typha
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Typha australis Schumach. (1827)
=Typha angustifolia subsp. australis (Schumach.) Graebn. (1900)
=Typha aequalis Schnizl.
=Typha angustata Bory & Chaub. (1832)
=Typha angustifolia subsp. angustata (Bory & Chaub.) Briq. (1910)
=Typha angustata var. abyssinica Graebn.
=Typha angustata var. aethiopica Rohrb.
=Typha aethiopica (Rohrb.) Kronfeldt (1889)
=*Typha angustifolia auct. non L.
=Typha schimperi Rohrb. (1869)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Larger and more robust than T. capensis; to 1-5 m tall; leaf-sheaths to 1,5 m with sloping scarious-margined shoulders, rarely rounded at top; median leaves purple-spotted within and up the base of the blade; blade linear to 1,5 m x 0,8-1,3 cm, midrib flat or semilunar; scape to 4 m; male spike 17-40 cm long, 0,9-1,5 cm Ø, not (or rarely) contiguous with the female 18-34 cm long, 1,4-2,2 cm Ø, bright chestnut or reddish-brown at maturity, gap 1-3-9 cm long; female flowers always with bracteoles with shortly macronate apex.
Ecology : Swamps (reed-), dams; margins of lakes, rivers, lagoons, pools; to 2 m deep fresh or brackish water; fine textured soils; often in disturbed places; sometimes in large formations; 0-2250 m alt. According to Burkill, l.c. forming a sudd blanket in the Senegal River and the Niger Delta.
  In temperate regions replaced by the closely related T. angustifolia L.
  Canary Isl., N. Africa; Cape Verde Isl.; Namibia, Botswana, S. Africa ?, Mauritius, Réunion, Seychelles; tropical and subtropical regions worldwide; also Mediterranean Region and beyond
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Hydrophyte, Hyperhydate- Ht 2 m. Alt: 900 - 1900 m. Distribution: BOT
Biol./Eco : Herb, Emergent Aquatic; Humid, Subhumid, Dry, Subarid; Freshwater Wetland, Saline Wetland; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m; distribution: Mascarenes, Seychelles, Africa, Asia, Australasia/Pacific, New World,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (2010). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 13: 87
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:107, 121 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1976). Flora of Libya. 20: 2
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 276 (1980).
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 3 3: 423 
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice.
  • BOULOS, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt. Checklist.
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 3: 117 (2002).
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie : catalogue synonymique commenté
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2014). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.3] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 3: 453
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see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
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Record n°42881 modified 2009-05-20
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