African Plant Database


Disa caffra Bolus
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 25: 171 (1889)
Information on the genus : Disa
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Disa compta Summerh. (1964)
=Disa perrieri Schltr. (1925)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial, beautiful herb; sterile stem (rare) c. 2-leaved, leaves erect, linear-lanceolate, acute, 13x2 cm; fertile stem 25-50 cm tall, cauline leaves sheathing, 4-6 cm long, 2 leaves with free, ± linear blades to 12 cm long; inflorescence 6-14 cm long, 2,5-4,5 cm Ø, 8-18-flowered; flowers horizontal, pink, sometimes reddish or purple-spotted; bracts leaf-like, 20-25 mm long; ovary and pedicel 15-18 mm long; dorsal sepal hood-like, ovate, 8-12x6-10 mm, with spur horizontal at base, then gradually decurved, slender, 8-15 mm long, cylindric from a conical base; lateral sepals elliptic, rotund, 8-13x5-10 mm, twisted; petals narrowly oblong, 6-9x1,5-3 mm; lip narrowly lanceolate, 6-8x1,5-2,5 mm.
Ecology : Wet grassland; dambo; bog; swampy places; 1400- c. 2300 m alt.
  “This species has the most remarkable disjunction in the Diseae” (Linder & Kurzweil, o.c.: 222).
  E S. Africa; S-C Madagascar (Cribb & al. in Candollea 66: 416, 2011). – Tanzania ? (not in Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Orchid. 1, 1968).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.25 - 0.5 m. Alt: 100 - 400 m. Distribution: EC, KN
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Herb; Subhumid, Montane; Freshwater Wetland; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m, 1500-1999 m; distribution: Africa.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 222 (1999).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
 
Map
carte afrique num 43138
 
Record n°43138
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