African Plant Database


Disa caffra Bolus
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 25: 171 (1889)
Information on the genus : Disa
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Disa compta Summerh. (1964)
=Disa perrieri Schltr. (1925)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial, beautiful herb; sterile stem (rare) c. 2-leaved, leaves erect, linear-lanceolate, acute, 13x2 cm; fertile stem 25-50 cm tall, cauline leaves sheathing, 4-6 cm long, 2 leaves with free, ± linear blades to 12 cm long; inflorescence 6-14 cm long, 2,5-4,5 cm Ø, 8-18-flowered; flowers horizontal, pink, sometimes reddish or purple-spotted; bracts leaf-like, 20-25 mm long; ovary and pedicel 15-18 mm long; dorsal sepal hood-like, ovate, 8-12x6-10 mm, with spur horizontal at base, then gradually decurved, slender, 8-15 mm long, cylindric from a conical base; lateral sepals elliptic, rotund, 8-13x5-10 mm, twisted; petals narrowly oblong, 6-9x1,5-3 mm; lip narrowly lanceolate, 6-8x1,5-2,5 mm.
Ecology : Wet grassland; dambo; bog; swampy places; 1400- c. 2300 m alt.
  “This species has the most remarkable disjunction in the Diseae” (Linder & Kurzweil, o.c.: 222).
  E S. Africa; S-C Madagascar (Cribb & al. in Candollea 66: 416, 2011). – Tanzania ? (not in Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Orchid. 1, 1968).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.25 - 0.5 m. Alt: 100 - 400 m. Distribution: EC, KN
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Herb; Subhumid, Montane; Freshwater Wetland; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m, 1500-1999 m; distribution: Africa.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 222 (1999).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
 
Map
More information >> ( work in progress )
 
Record n°43138
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