African Plant Database

Polystachya golungensis Rchb. f.
Information on the genus : Polystachya
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Polystachya coriacea Rolfe (1913)
=Polystachya johnsonii Kraenzl. (1926)
=Polystachya spiranthoides Kraenzl. (1926)
=Polystachya mayombensis De Wild. (1903)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic or lithophytic herb 6-50 cm tall; stems densely clustered, obscurely pseudobulbous at base; pseudobulbs ± cylindrical, curved, 2-6x0,5-1 cm; leaves 2-4, fleshy, linear, 5-17x0,5-2 cm, folded, V-shaped in cross-section, apex 2-lobed; inflorescence much longer than leaves, paniculate, 6-40 cm long, 50-200-flowered, with up to 8 branches each 5 cm long, axes pubescent; peduncle completely covered by imbricate papery sheaths; flowers small, bright yellow(-green); ± fleshy; bracts triangular, c. 1 mm long; pedicel and ovary c. 3 mm long; dorsal sepal ovate, c. 2x1 mm; laterals c. 3x2 mm; mentum (spur) rounded, 2 mm high; petals oblanceolate, 1-3x0,5 mm; lip clawed at base, 2-3x2,5-3,5 mm, 3-lobed near middle, with a cushion of hairs at junction of lobes; midlobe orbicular, 1,5x1,5 mm, longer than side lobes.
Ecology : Forest, evergreen forest, riverine forest; high-rainfall woodland; wooded savanna; dryish woodland; secondary forest; plantations; epiphyte on small and large trees, e.g. Ficus, Acacia; on rocks in riverine forest or in seasonally dry forest; “The most plentiful ephytic orchid of this region [Angola, Golungo Alto, bank of river Coango]; often found on strong branches of Adansonia” (Rendle, Cat. Afric. pl. Welwitsch 2/1: 7-8, 1899); 150-2400 m alt.
  S. Tomé, Guinea ?

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:66 (2012)

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 29: t.1131 (1952).
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 151 (1995).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°43719
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