African Plant Database


Ansellia africana Lindl.
Protologue : Edward's Bot. Reg. 30: sub t. 12 (1844)
Information on the genus : Ansellia
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Ansellia africana var. australis Summerh.
=Ansellia gigantea Rchb. f.
=Ansellia gigantea Rchb. f. var. gigantea
=Ansellia africana var. nilotica Baker
=Ansellia gigantea var. nilotica (Baker) Summerh.
=Ansellia nilotica (Baker) N.E. Br. (1886)
=Ansellia confusa N.E. Br. (1886)
=Ansellia congoensis Rodigas (1886)
=Ansellia humilis Bull. (1891)
=Cymbidium sandersonii Harv.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic, sometimes lithophytic or terrestrial herb, ?succulent?, 0,5-1,2 m tall, often forming large clumps; roots ascending, needle-like, white, vertical, forming a basket at base of plant; pseudobulbs arising from a basal rhizome, cane-like, i.e. long, narrowly cylindrical, 10-60 cm long, 1-3 cm Ø, several-noded, ridged when older, covered by papery leaf sheaths; leaves 8-10, strap-shaped to elliptic-oblanceolate, 15-50x1,4-6,5 cm, plicate, leathery, in apical part of pseudobulbs, veins prominent; inflorescences axillary at top of pseudobulbs, 20-40-80 cm long, branched, lax, 30-50-flowered; flowers 2-5 cm Ø, showy, yellow or greenish, concolorous (A. gigantea var. gigantea) or variously dotted or marked with brown, maroon or red, long-lasting; pedicel and ovary 4 cm long, erect, slender; tepals spreading, elliptical, 15-35x4-12 mm, petals broader than sepals; lip broad, without a spur, 11-25x10-20 mm, 3-lobed, front lobe ± orbicular, keels 2.
Ecology : Open forest and (wetter) woodland, wooded savanna, deciduous forest, scrub-forest; dense forest; gallery forest; fringes of inselbergs; in hot dry low-lying areas on Adansonia digitata, Colophospermum mopane; occasionally on rocks in open woodland, or among tree roots; on Hyphaene palms, Ficus, Brachystegia, Parinari, Terminalia, Uapaca, Isoberlinia doka, Balanites aegyptiaca, Burkea africana, Albizia spp.; at base of forest trees; on old dying or dead trees; also on tall isolated trees, on large branches of Borassus; often growing wedged into the fork of a tree; secondary forest undergrowth; in sunny positions or in light shade; 0-2800 m alt.
  Bioko/Fernando Poo, S. Africa, Swaziland, Botswana, N Namibia-Caprivi Strip.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Epiphyte, Succulent- Ht 0.15 - 1 m. Alt: 75 - 1065 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, KN, LP, MP, SWZ

Bibliography other :
  • Edward's Bot. Reg. 30: sub t. 12 (1844).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Pl. Sudan Checklist : 79 (2015).

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 4: t.122 (1924).
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 18: t.703 (1938).
  • Mem. Bot. Surv. South Africa : 550 (1966).
  • Fl. Trop. E. Africa Orchidaceae[2]: 402 (1984).
  • Strelitzia 6: 111 (1997).
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 129 (1997).
  • Wild Flrs north. South Africa : 118 (1997).
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 404-405 (1999).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 44182
 
Record n°44182 modified 2009-05-27
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