African Plant Database


Brachycorythis pubescens Harv.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Thes. Cap. 1: 35 (1859)
Information on the genus : Brachycorythis
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Brachycorythis stolzii Schltr. (1921)
=Brachycorythis goetzeana Kraenzl. (1900)
=Brachycorythis kassneriana Kraenzl. (1914)
=Brachycorythis sudanica Schltr. (1921)
=Platanthera hispidula (Rendle) Gilg (1895)
=Peristylus hispidulus Rendle (1895)
=Brachycorythis baumii Schltr. (1921)
=Brachycorythis hispidula (Rendle) Schltr.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial slender herb 15-80 cm tall, densely minutely pubescent in all parts; tubers ellipsoid, c. 1 cm Ø, densely woolly; stem very leafy; leaves up to 40, lanceolate, acute, 2-6x1-2,5 cm, the largest at middle of stem; inflorescence 4-35 cm long, 2,5-3,5-6 cm Ø, densely -40-50-flowered; bracts leafy, ovate-lanceolate, to 2,5 cm long; pedicel and ovary very slender, 1-2,5 cm long; flowers in various shades of pink and purple, rarely white, often with yellow or orange centre; sepals elliptic, 4,5-8x2-5 mm; petals obliquely ovate, 4-7x1,5-4 mm; lip 5-10 mm long, 6-14 mm wide, with a knee-like bend, base narrow, widest at apex, fan-shaped, purple-spotted, 3-lobed, mid-lobe small; spur sac-like, 2-3 mm long.
Ecology : Brachystegia open woodland, semi-open places in Combretum-Terminalia woodland; edges of dambos, dambos; sometimes in semi-wet places, swampy areas, marshy grassland; dry places in bush; (short-grassed) lava plains; in thicket grass on alluvium; on very deep red soil; 80-2700 m alt.
  Variable in floral characters, in the leafiness of the stem, in size and shape of leaves, in degree of pubescence.
  B. mixta was considered as a synonym by Geerinck (Fl. Afr. Centr., l.c.).
  NE-E S. Africa, Swaziland. – The most widely distributed species in the genus.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.22 - 0.6 m. Alt: 5 - 2225 m. Distribution: LES, GA, KN, LP, MP, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 3: t.103 (1923).

Bibliography other :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:64 (2012)
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
 
Map
carte afrique num 44192
 
Record n°44192
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