African Plant Database


Microcoelia stolzii (Schltr.) Summerh.
Information on the genus : Microcoelia
Basionym : Gussonea stolzii Schltr.
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Gussonea stolzii Schltr. (1915)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Microcoelia eriocosma Summerh.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic plant, robust, forming large clumps; stem to 4,5 cm long; roots silvery green, numerous, mostly unbranched, twisted, to 50 cm long, clinging close to host when young, later becoming loosely attached, sometimes plants fall off and continue to grow in the undergrowth; inflorescences 2-7 per plant, 5-12 cm long, densely to 40-flowered; flowers glistening white (crystalline), spur tip and anther cap yellow, with fruity scent, c. 5 mm Ø; bracts ovate, 2 mm long, not sheathing; pedicel and ovary 3 mm long; sepals and petals ovate, c. 3(-6)x1,5(-2) mm, and lip pandurate, slightly longer and wider; spur conical, c. 2 mm long.
Ecology : (Dry) evergreen and riverine forest; rain-forest; lakeshore evergreen forest; high rainfall Brachystegia woodland; plantations; high and low level epiphyte, on smaller branches and trunks of bushes and understorey trees; 600-2450 m alt.
  Variable in: size of flowers (large in N Malawi), shape of spur, and root diameter.
  Has been confused with M. globulosa (M. guyoniana), particularly in Kenya (M. globulosa occurs there only W of Rift Valley). M. stolzii has non-sheathing flower bracts, dense many-flowered inflorescences, and tends to occur in areas with higher rainfall and in forest (not dryish woodland).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae[3]: 514
  • EXELL, A. & WILD, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 429
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
More information >> ( work in progress )
 
Record n°44325
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