African Plant Database

Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars
Protologue : Hist. Orchid. (1822) 
Information on the genus : Bulbophyllum
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cirrhopetalum longiflorum (Thouars) Schltr. (1915)
 Phyllorchis longiflora (Thouars) Kuntze (1891)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Epidendrum umbellatum G. Forst. (1786)
=Cirrhopetalum umbellatum (G. Forst.) Hook. & Arn. (1832)
=Cirrhopetalum africanum Schltr. (1915)
=Cirrhopetalum thouarsii Lindl. (1830)
=*Cirrhopetalum umbellatum (Sw.) A. Frapp. ex Cordem. (1895)
=Cirrhopetalum thomasii Otto & A. Dietr. (1838)
=Cirrhopetalum clavigerum Fitzg. (1883)
=Bulbophyllum clavigerum (Fitzg.) Dockr. (1964)
=Cymbidium umbellatum Spreng. (1815)
=Zygoglossum umbellatum Reinw. (1825)
=Cirrhopetalum clavigerum Fitzg.
=Bulbophyllum clavigerum (Fitzg.) F. Muell.
=Bulbophyllum eberhardtii (Gagnep.) Seidenf.
=Cirrhopetalum eberhardtii Gagnep.
=Bulbophyllum elegans (Teijsm. & Binn.) J. J. Sm.
=Cirrhopetalum elegans Teijsm. & Binn.
=Bulbophyllum insulare J. J. Sm.
=Cirrhopetalum koordersii Rolfe
=Bulbophyllum koordersii (Rolfe) J. J. Sm.
=Bulbophyllum layardii (F. Muell. & Kraenzl.) J. J. Sm.
=Cirrhopetalum layardii F. Muell. & Kraenzl.
=Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J. J. Sm.
=Bulbophyllum strangularium (Rchb. f.) J. J. Sm.
=Bulbophyllum trisetum Ames
=Cirrhopetalum kenejianum Schltr.
=Cirrhopetalum pulchrum N.E. Br.
=Cirrhopetalum stangularium Rchb. f.
=Cirrhopetalum zygoglossum Garay, Hammer & Siegerist
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic or lithophytic herb; rhizome stout; pseudobulbs 2-9 cm apart, 1-leafed, narrowly ovoid, 1-4,5x0,6-2 cm, 4-6-angled; leaf lanceolate, 6-21x1,5-4 cm; inflorescence 5-21 cm long, 2,7-flowered, subumbellate; peduncle 8-20 cm long; rachis c. 0,5 cm long; bracts clustered, spreading, ovate-oblong, 4-8x2-3 mm, acuminate; flowers of various colours from yellow to dark red, not fully open; sepals unequal, the dorsal concave, ovate, 8-10x7-9 mm, tip dark, filiform 9-10 mm long; laterals flat, narrowly oblong, 20-38x4-7 mm, twisted, tip acute; petals lanceolate, falcate, 5-8x2-3 mm, tip filiform, 5 mm long, margins ciliate; lip fleshy, recurved, narrowly cordate, 6-7,5x1,5-2,5 mm, ridged beneath. – A showy plant.
Ecology : Forest, evergreen forest, riverine forest; usually on trunks of trees; 500-1700 m alt.
  S. Africa; Madagascar (Cribb & al. in Candollea 66: 416, 2011), Comoros, Mascarenes, Seychelles (Jolliffe in Orchids S. Africa 42/2: 53, 2011); SE Asia, Indonesia, SW Pacific Isl.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Epiphyte, Succulent- Ht up to 0.15 m. Alt: ? - 50 m. Distribution: KN
Biol./Eco : Herb, Epiphyte; Humid, Subhumid; Forest, Anthropic; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m; distribution: Comoros, Mascarenes, Africa, Asia,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 312

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 416-417 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
carte afrique num 44396
Record n°44396
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