African Plant Database


Aerangis somalensis (Schltr.) Schltr.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36(2): 120 (1918)
Information on the genus : Aerangis
Basionym : Angraecum somalense Schltr.
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Angraecum somalense Schltr. (1906)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=*Aerangis verdickii auct.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic herb; stem to 1,5 cm long; roots numerous, stout, 5-7 mm Ø; leaves 2-6, distichous, oblong-ligulate, 2-11-15x1,3-3,5 cm, dull grey green or bluish green or purplish, with raised darker reticulate venation, apex 2-lobed; inflorescences borne below leaves, 10-20 cm long, 2-17-flowered; pedicel and ovary pink, 1,5-2 cm long; flowers white, sometimes tinged pink; tepals short and broad, spreading, oblong-apiculate, 0,8-1,4x0,3-0,5 cm; lip oblong-ligulate, apiculate, 0,9-1,3x0,4-0,7 cm; spur 10-15 cm long, straight or slightly curved, sometimes coiled in bud.
Ecology : Brachystegia woodland; relict patches of woodland along streams or near rock outcrops in dry areas; forest gallery; very local but can form large colonies on lower branches of trees; 1000-1800 m alt.
  Variable in size, and in shape and coloration of leaves.
  Sometimes confused with A. verdickii, but leaves very different. They occur together in, e.g., Zimbabwe.
  S. Africa. – In SW Ethiopia endangered and possibly extinct because of habitat destruction (Sebsebe & al., l.c.).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Epiphyte- Ht up to 0.15 m. Alt: ? - 960 m. Distribution: LP

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 390

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 114
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 428-429 (1999).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 44742
 
Record n°44742 modified 2007-04-18
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