African Plant Database


Aerangis brachycarpa (A. Rich.) T. Durand & Schinz
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 50 (1894)
Information on the genus : Aerangis
Basionym : Dendrobium brachycarpum A. Rich.
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Dendrobium brachycarpum A. Rich. (1850)
 Angraecum brachycarpum (A. Rich.) Rchb. f. (1852)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Aerangis flabellifolia Rchb. f. (1865)
=Angraecum flabellifolium (Rchb. f.) Rolfe (1897)
=Angraecum rohlfsianum Kraenzl. (1882)
=Rhaphidorhynchus rohlfsianus (Kraenzl.) Finet (1907)
=Aerangis rohlfsiana (Kraenzl.) Schltr. (1918)
=Angraecum carusianum Severino (1916)
=Aerangis carusiana (Severino) Garay (1972)
=*Aerangis friesiorum auct. Tweedie (1964), Piers (1968), Stewart & Campbell (1970); non Schltr.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic herb; stem woody, erect or pendent, to 20 cm long; roots grey, stout; leaves 4-12, usually distichous, obovate or spathulate, to 25x2-6 cm, fleshy or leathery, dark green often with black dots, apex usually 2-lobed; inflorescences several, to 25-40 cm long, ± pendent, 2-12-flowered; peduncle to 10 cm long; rhachis slightly zigzag; pedicel and ovary 3,5-7 cm long; flowers in 2 rows, white, sometimes tinged with pink or brown; tepals narrowly lanceolate, strongly reflexed, acuminate, 2-4x0,4-0,8 cm; lip deflexed, lanceolate, 2-4,5x0,5-1 cm; spur 1,2-2,4 cm long, straight or slightly curved.
Ecology : Forest, forest remnants; riverine forest; grassland with scattered trees; in dense shade (in densely leaved trees); usually rather low down on tree trunks, branches, in the forking bases of bushes; subalpine valleys; occurs side by side with A. collum-cygni; 1430-2300 m alt.
  Variable in shape of leaves and size of flowers.
  Has been confused with (A. friesiorum =) A. thomsonii. Related to A. distincta, A. splendida. Often cultivated as A. flabellifolia or A. rohlfsiana. Very difficult to distinguish from A. confusa when not in flower; sometimes they are growing together.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 383-384

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 113
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The International Plant Name Index
 
Map
carte afrique num 44755
 
Record n°44755 modified 2007-04-18
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