African Plant Database

Tridactyle filifolia (Schltr.) Schltr.
Information on the genus : Tridactyle
Basionym : Angraecum filifolium Schltr.
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Angraecum filifolium Schltr. (1907)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Tridactyle linearifolia (De Wild.) Schltr.
=Listrostachys linearifolia De Wild. (1903)
=Tridactyle tridentata var. subulifolia Summerh.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic pendent herb often forming large untidy clumps; stem little branched, 10-100 cm long, with smooth roots at base; leaves ± falcate, terete, ± needle-like, 3-14x0,1-0,2 cm, sharply pointed, ± grooved above; inflorescences 2-8 mm long, 2-3-flowered, peduncle 1-2 mm long; flowers dingy white or ochre, small, fragrant; bracts < 1 mm long; pedicel and ovary 2-4 mm long, lepidote; sepals lanceolate-acute, 2-3x1-2 mm; petals smaller; lip 2-3x1-2 mm, base auriculate, 3-lobed in middle, lobes entire; side lobes spreading, acute, tooth-like, half the length of the midlobe (2-3x1-2 mm); spur filiform, 6-8 mm long, incurved.
Ecology : Rain-forest; evergreen forest; riverine forest; disturbed forest with much secondary undergrowth; forest of Aningeria altissima, Morus mezozygia; forest partially cleared for coffee plantations; dry forest; savanna woodland; on, e.g. Erythrina abyssinica, Irvingia smithii, Scorodophloeus zenkeri; 650-2500 m alt.
  Without flowers very similar to Nephrangis filiformis (= Angraecum filiforme = Listrostachys filiformis; cf. Schlechter in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 21, 1905).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • EXELL, A. & WILD, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 447
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 85
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°45030
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