African Plant Database


Diaphananthe bidens (Afzel. ex Sw.) Schltr.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Information on the genus : Diaphananthe
Basionym : Limodorum bidens Afzel. ex Sw.
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Limodorum bidens Afzel. ex Sw. (1805)
 Listrostachys bidens (Sw. ex Pers.) Rolfe (1897)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Diaphananthe subclavata (Rolfe) Schltr.
=Angraecum subclavatum Rolfe (1891)
=Listrostachys ashantensis (Lindl.) Rchb. f.
=Diaphananthe ashantensis (Lindl.) Schltr.
=Angorchis ashantensis (Lindl.) Kuntze
=Angraecum ashantense Lindl. (1843)
=Angraecum backeri Kraenzl.
=Angraecum monodon Lindl.
=Diaphananthe monodon (Lindl.) Schltr.
=Listrostachys monodon (Lindl.) Rchb. f. (1860)
=Diaphananthe subfalcifolia (De Wild.) Schltr.
=Angraecum subfalcifolium De Wild. (1916)
=Mystacidium duemmerianum Kraenzl. (1929)
=Diaphananthe producta (Kraenzl.) Schltr.
=Mystacidium productum Kraenzl. (1895)
=Diaphananthe papagayi (Rchb. f.) Schltr.
=Listrostachys papagayi Rchb. f.
=Listrostachys longissima Kraenzl. (1912)
=Listrostachys mystacioides Kraenzl.
=Diaphananthe trigonopetala Schltr. (1914)
=Angraecum acutum Ridl.
=Diaphananthe acuta (Ridl.) Schltr.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic, sometimes lithophytic herb; stems slender, elongated, pendent, 0,2-2 m long, leafy; leaves to 22, twisted at base to lie in one plane, oblong-lanceolate, 5-17x1-4,5 cm, venation prominent, apex unequally acutely 2-lobed; inflorescences axillary, pendent, 20-30-flowered; bracts ovate, c. 1 mm long; flowers alternate, white pink or pale orange or greenish; sepals acute, lanceolate, 2,5-7x1-2 mm; petals similar; lip ± quadrate, 3-7x2,6-6 mm, reflexed, with a tooth-like callus in mouth of spur; spur incurved, 3-7 mm long, inflated, parallel to lip.
Ecology : Primary forest; rain-forest; secondary forest with Pycnanthus angolensis; Gilbertiodendron dewevrei forest; foothill forest; streambanks in forest; swamp forest; shrubby fringes of inselbergs; inselbergs; on rocks among mangrove; cocoa plantations; on tree trunks and (main) branches of the tree canopy; 5-20 m above ground level; seen on Triplochiton, Cola, Cathormion altissimum, Conocarpus erectus, often on cocoa; growing with, e.g. Polystachya affinis; 0-1300 m alt. – One of the commonest epiphytic orchids in (W) Africa. S. Tomé, Príncipe, Annobón (likely; Phytotaxa 171: 24, 2014). – Burundi ?
  Used locally to tie bundles of sticks for yam cultivation, and to weave baskets.
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
 
Map
carte afrique num 45120
 
Record n°45120 modified 2007-04-03
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