African Plant Database

Habenaria harmsiana Schltr.
Protologue : Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 511 (1915) 
Information on the genus : Habenaria
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial robust herb 30-70 cm tall, glabrous; tubers ellipsoid, 2-4x1-1,5 cm; leaves cauline, 7-12, spread, the largest at midstem suberect, lanceolate, 7-12x1,5-3 cm, uppermost bract-like; inflorescence 5-28 cm long, loosely 2-25-flowered; flowers spreading, white (and green), sweetly scented; bracts leafy, lanceolate, 15-50 mm long; pedicel and ovary 45-50(-70) mm long, curved; dorsal sepal erect, elliptic, convex, 12-16x6-8 mm; laterals spreading, obliquely obovate, 14-20x10-14 mm, rolled up lengthwise, apiculum lateral; petals 2-lobed from a triangular broad papillose base 4-6 mm long, with a knob at junction of lobes; upper lobe filiform, 7-15 mm long, adnate to dorsal sepal at tip; lower lobe curving up, horn-like, 25-41 mm long; lip 3-lobed from near base, lobes filiform; midlobe pendent, 23-30 mm long; side lobes projecting forwards, 15-19 mm long; spur 40-70 mm long, pendent, apical 1 cm abruptly inflated.
Ecology : Grassland, boggy grassland, dambo; 550-1200 m alt.
  “The buds in this attractive species are almost flat and coin-like. Where it occurs, it is usually quite plentiful” (I. la Croix & al., Orchids Malawi: 84, pl. 16, 1991).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • EXELL, A. & WILD, H. (1995). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[1]: 119
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°45371
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