African Plant Database

Habenaria zambesina Rchb. f.
Notes : "zambezina", "zambesiaca"
Information on the genus : Habenaria
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Habenaria haullevilleana De Wild. (1903)
=Habenaria myriantha Kraenzl. (1903)
=*Habenaria baoulensis A. Chev. (1920)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb, stout, 40-130 cm tall; roots several, fleshy, clustered, cylindrical, each to 9x1 cm; leaves cauline, 8-15, spread, mid-ones lanceolate, 4-23x2-7,5 cm, clasping the stem, upper ones bract-like; inflorescence 11-40 cm long, densely many-flowered; flowers resupinate, white, short-lived, soon aging brown, scented; bracts lanceolate, 15-20 mm long; pedicel and ovary arching, 15-20 mm long; dorsal sepal reflexed, convex, ovate, 6x3-5 mm; laterals deflexed, ovate, 5-10x2-4 mm, often twisted; petals entire, erect, ovate-triangular, 5-10x3-5 mm, forming a hood; lip entire or slightly toothed at base, strap-shaped, 6-13x2 mm; spur pendent, slender, 30-65-80 mm long.
Ecology : Damp or swampy grassland; grassy swamps; marshes; dambos; savanna; forest gallery; 550-2700 m alt.
  Differs from H. epipactidea by its entire lip and longer spur. Usually local, and plentiful where it occurs.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1995). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[1]: 69
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:65 (2012)
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°45422 modified 2017-06-16
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