African Plant Database

Eulophia adenoglossa (Lindl.) Rchb. f.
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Cymbidium adenoglossum Lindl.
Status for SA : rejected (present)
Status for TA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Orthochilus adenoglossus (Lindl.) Bytebier
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cymbidium adenoglossum Lindl.
 Orthochilus adenoglossus (Lindl.) Bytebier (2014)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia nigricans Schltr. (1895)
=Eulophia aristata Rendle (1895)
=Eulophia baumiana Kraenzl. (1903)
=Eulophia lanceolata Rolfe (1897)
=Eulophia candidiflora Butzin (1975)
=Lissochilus candidus Kraenzl. (1900)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 45-95 cm tall; tubers in chains, irregularly ovoid-ellipsoid, 3-5x2-4 cm; leaves 2-3, erect, linear-acuminate, 18-40x0,5-2 cm, appearing with the flowers; inflorescence erect, to 75 cm long, laxly 7-17-flowered; peduncle with few scattered sheaths; rachis to 25 cm long; bracts conspicuous, linear-acuminate, 1-4 cm long; flowers waxy in texture, hanging, green, sepals and petals yellowish green, lip green or pale purple with dark purple venation on side lobes and purple papillae; pedicel and ovary 1,2-1,6 cm long; sepals lanceolate-acute, 15-28x4-7 mm; petals similar but shorter; lip 20x10 mm, 3-lobed in middle; side lobes erect, small, rounded; mid-lobe decurved, oblong-subquadrate; callus of 2 basal ridges to middle of lip terminating in papillae; spur conical, incurved, 2-5 mm long.
Ecology : Grassland; Brachystegia, miombo woodlands; dambo; semi-open bamboo thicket; open Oxytenanthera abyssinica thicket; 700-1700 m alt.
  Close to E. stachyodes but lip different.
  S. Africa (E-most).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.3 - 0.9 m. Alt: 700 - 1370 m. Distribution: GA, KN, MP

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 389 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
no map available
Record n°45723
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