African Plant Database

Eulophia clitellifera (Rchb. f.) Bolus
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 25: 184 (1889)
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Lissochilus clitellifer Rchb. f.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Lissochilus clitellifer Rchb. f. (1847)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Lissochilus rehmannii Rolfe (1912)
=Eulophia fractiflexa Summerh. (1953)
=Lissochilus pulchellus Rendle (1895)
=Lissochilus flexuosus Schltr. (1916)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 17-60 cm tall; with a chain of subterranean ± conical pseudobulbs 2-3x2-2,5 cm; leaves absent or starting to develop at anthesis, c. 5, linear-lanceolate, 10-70x0,7-2 cm, not folded, in a fan; inflorescence laxly 5-25-flowered; peduncle with 2-3 sheaths; rachis ± zigzag; flowers spreading, sepals brown, petals and lip white to yellow, veined red to brown; bracts lanceolate-acuminate, 4-11 mm long; pedicel and ovary 13-20 mm long; sepals spreading, oblong-elliptic, 4-8x1,5-4 mm; petals similar, 5-10x4-8 mm; lip 6-10 mm long and wide, 3-lobed; side lobes short, triangular; mid-lobe elliptic, forming 2/3 of lip, subcircular, convex, with a callus of 3-5-7 fleshy verrucose ridges; spur conical, 3-5 mm long; fruit pendent, 20-25 mm long.
Ecology : (Upland) grassland regularly burnt; coastal grassland; usually on sandy soil; scrub; dry miombo; mixed deciduous woodland incl. Combretum bush; humid savanna; swamps; dambo; 0-2800 m alt.
  S. Africa; Madagascar.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte, Succulent- Ht 0.13 - 0.35 m. Alt: 655 - 1380 m. Distribution: EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NW, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Herb; Subhumid; Grassland; 1000-1499 m, 1500-1999 m; distribution: Africa.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 31: t.1235 (1956).
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 130 (1997).
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 375-376 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
carte afrique num 45739
Record n°45739
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