African Plant Database


Eulophia latilabris Summerh.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Information on the genus : Eulophia
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Lissochilus schweinfurthii Rchb. f.
=Eulophia gilletiana Butzin
=Eulophia lomaniensis Butzin
=Eulophia pentalamella Butzin
=Lissochilus nyasae Rolfe (1897)
=Lissochilus leopoldii Kraenzl. (1900)
=Lissochilus subintegrus De Wild. (1919)
=Lissochilus busseanus Kraenzl. (1904)
=Eulophia busseana (Kraenzl.) Butzin (1975)
=Lissochilus thomsonii Rolfe
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 75-120-150 cm tall, in habit resembling E. horsfallii, attractive; pseudobulbs subterranean, fleshy, obliquely conical, 3-4x2-3 cm, in a chain on a fleshy rhizome 1-1,5 cm Ø; leaves arising after anthesis, 3-5, erect, lanceolate, 30-70x4-8 cm; inflorescence stout, 10-25-flowered, peduncle with 4-5 loose sheaths; flowers showy, fleshy, subnutant, greenish purple (sepals), petals and lip pinkish mauve with darker veins and yellow callus; bracts ovate-oblong, 30-55 mm long; pedicel and ovary 25-32 mm long; sepals (dorsal reflexed) obovate, apiculate, 20-28x8-15 mm; petals ± circular, hiding the column, 24-30x28-34 mm; lip rhomboid, 27-40x20-35 mm, scarcely 3-lobed at sides, with callus of 5 ridges, the inner 3 raised at base, undulate; spur broadly conical, 5-8 mm long, pointing backwards; fruit pendent, c. 35 mm long.
Ecology : Wet and swampy grasslands; swamps; seasonally wet bogs; wet dambo margins; swampy ground beside rivers; 1000-2200 m alt.
  N Botswana.
  Sometimes confused with E. horsfallii but petals wider and lip not distinctly 3-lobed.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht up to 1.3 m. Alt: ? - 1000 m. Distribution: BOT

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 384 (1999).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
 
Map
carte afrique num 45754
 
Record n°45754
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