African Plant Database

Eulophia leachii Greatrex ex A.V. Hall
Protologue : J. S. African Bot. Suppl. 5
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 45-60(-100) cm tall; pseudobulbs mostly above ground, cylindrical-conical, 7-14x1,5-2 cm; leaves 4-5, leathery, linear, 20-30x1-1,5 cm, margins minutely serrate; inflorescence laxly 3-24-flowered; flowers yellowish-green tinged purple; sepals ± oblanceolate, 13-20x2-3 mm, spreading, tips curled back; petals lanceolate, 13-20x4 mm; lip 16-20 mm long, obscurely 3-lobed, with crests formed of 3 double rows of dense long papillae, white; side lobes rounded, tapering into mid-lobe; mid-lobe triangular, 5-7x3-4 mm, edges crisped; spur cylindrical, 3-5 mm long, bent forwards; fruit pendent, 40 mm long on pedicel 15 mm long. – “Tufted very pineapple-like colony. The distichous, divergent pale green leaves with acute apices and serrated margins apparently die right down in Winter leaving the pseudobulbs almost concealed by sand” (Ball, 2009: 36).
Ecology : Hot dry deciduous woodland on sandy soils; forming colonies usually on margins of seasonal pans and river banks; bushveld under trees; 600-1050 m alt.
  NE Namibia, S. Africa.
  In flower “easily identifiable by the papillae near the apex of the column” (I. & E. la Croix, 1997: l.c.). When not in flower resembling E. petersii. “Leaves have an unpleasant succulent scent when crushed, like aloes or sisal” (Ball, l.c.).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte, Succulent- Ht 0.45 - 0.6 m. Alt: ? - 1220 m. Distribution: NAM, GA, KN, LP

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • SMITH G.F. , E.J. VAN JAARSVELD & AL. (1997). List of Southern African Succulent Plants. Umdaus Press : 130
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 386-387 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°45755
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