African Plant Database

Eulophia livingstoniana (Rchb. f.) Summerh.
Protologue : Kew Bull. 2: 132 (1948)
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Lissochilus livingstonianus Rchb. f.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Lissochilus livingstonianus Rchb. f. (1881)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia jumelleana Schltr. (1913)
=Lissochilus jumelleanus (Schltr.) Schltr. (1915)
=Eulophia robusta Schltr.
=Eulophia faradjensis De Wild.
=Lissochilus gracilior Rendle (1895)
=Eulophia gracilior (Rendle) Butzin (1975)
=Lissochilus malangensis Rchb. f. (1881)
=Lissochilus fallax Rchb. f. (1881)
=Lissochilus affinis Rendle (1895)
=Lissochilus mediocris Rendle (1895)
=Lissochilus cornigerus Rendle (1895)
=Lissochilus faradjensis De Wild. (1919)
=Lissochilus rutenbergianus Kraenzl. (1882)
=Lissochilus faradiensis De Wild. (1919)
=Lissochilus laggiarae Schltr. (1918)
=Lissochilus gracilior var. angusta Rendle (1895)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb, 30-70-100 cm tall, attractive; tubers subterranean, flattened, irregular, potato-like, sometimes branching, 5-10x1-3 cm, forming a chain; leaves 3-6, absent or partly developed at anthesis, linear, ribbed, thin-textured, 10-40x0,5-1,5 cm; inflorescence peduncle 37-75 cm long, with 2-3 sheaths; rachis 10-26 cm long, laxly 3-12-flowered; flowers large, mauve- to deep pink (sepals, petals) and purple (lip, with darker callus ridges, side lobes purple or green); bracts lanceolate, 15-19 mm long; pedicel and ovary 20-30 mm long; dorsal sepal reflexed, lanceolate, 15-20x4-5 mm, laterals similar but slightly wider; petals erect, elliptic-ovate, 9-21x4-13 mm; lip 12-20 mm long, 3-lobed, with callus of 5 low smooth ridges; side lobes erect, rounded; mid-lobe 8-12 mm long, bent back on itself, upcurved towards apex; spur conical, 3-7 mm long, apex slightly upcurved; fruit pendent, 18-20 mm long.
Ecology : Deciduous woodland of Brachystegia, Berlinia, etc.; woodland, usually towards the edge; plateau and escarpment miombo, often on sandy soils; Kalahari sands; rough grassland; scrub; Protea scrub slopes; seasonal swamp; edge of dambo; swampy meadows; alluvial soil by rivers; Loudetia arundinacea grassland with scattered trees on shallow soil; 0-2350 m alt.
  Variable in stature, and in flower size and colour; the variation seems continuous. Large and small flowers can occur in all areas. In spite of the variation, the species is “always recognisable”.
  NE Namibia (Loots in Red Data Book of Namibian Plants: 96, 2005, with map), Botswana, S. Africa; Comoro Isl., Madagascar. – Presence in Central African Republic uncertain; perhaps confusion with E. cristata (Cribb & Fay in Kew Bull. 42: 729, 1987).
  Tubers eaten. Similar in size and coloration to E. cristata: mid-lobe of lip smooth and rigid in E. livingstoneana. Plants flower more richly in burnt-over grassland than in places where the grass has escaped burning. The flowers appear immediately before the onset of the rains (Piers, o.c.: 175).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.3 - 0.7 m. Alt: ? - 1000 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, LP
Biol./Eco : Herb; Humid, Subhumid, Dry, Subarid; Grassland, Freshwater Wetland; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m; distribution: Comoros, Africa,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 498-500
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
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see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°45759 modified 2021-06-14
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