African Plant Database


Eulophia parviflora (Lindl.) A.V. Hall
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Lissochilus parviflorus Lindl.
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Lissochilus parviflorus Lindl.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia aequalis (Lindl.) Bolus
=Lissochilus aequalis Lindl. (1836)
=Graphorkis rupestris (Rchb. f.) Kuntze
=Eulophia rupestris Rchb. f.
=Eulophia rupincola Rchb. f.
=Cyrtopera oliveriana Rchb. f.
=Eulophia oliveriana (Rchb. f.) Bolus
=Cryptopera oliveriana Rchb. f.
=Eulophia bilamellata Schltr.
=Eulophia saundersiae Rolfe (1910)
=Eulophia inandensis Rolfe (1912)
=Eulophia elegantula Rolfe (1917)
=Eulophia bilamellata var. euryceras Schltr.
=Eulophia swynnertonii Rendle (1911)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb, sometimes growing in dense clumps, 30-50 cm tall; tubers subterranean, in a chain; leaves c. 5 in a tuft, just appearing at anthesis, linear, to 25x1,6 cm; inflorescence peduncle with c. 4 loose sheaths; rachis 8-15 cm long, 5-30-flowered; bracts c. 12 mm long; flowers brown or greenish, heavily veined with purple (sepals), petals and lip yellow, purple-veined; pedicel and ovary c. 15 mm long; sepals obovate-oblong, 14-16x4-5,5 mm; petals obovate, 12-18x6-8 mm; lip 16-18 mm long, 3-lobed, with several ridges down the centre; side lobes quadrate; mid-lobe 4 mm wide, ± emarginate; spur 3-5 mm long, conical to cylindrical.
Ecology : Grassland, grassy slopes, open hillsides; “frequent after burns…particularly in ground favoured by Anemone peniensis…” (Ball, o.c.: 154); 1060-1970 m alt.
  Variable in, e.g., length of spur (map S. Africa in Ann. Bot. 113: 280, 2014). Plants have been misidentified as E. ovalis.
  S. Africa, Swaziland.
  Bee-pollinated (Peter in Orchids S. Africa 34: 88-89, 2003, with photographs; Peter & Johnson in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 171: 720, 724, 2013, with photograph; idem in Ann. Bot. 113: 277-288, 2014, photograph p. 279, map p. 280 for S. Africa).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.2 - 0.53 m. Alt: 160 - 1980 m. Distribution: EC, GA, KN, LP, MP, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 471-472

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 19: t.739 (1939).
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 383 (1999).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
More information >> ( work in progress )
 
Record n°45771
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