African Plant Database

Eulophia tuberculata Bolus
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Lissochilus platypetalus Lindl. (1836)
=Lissochilus leendertziae Schltr. (1924)
=Eulophia verrucosa (Rolfe) Butzin
=Lissochilus verrucosus Rolfe (1897)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 14-75 cm tall; tubers subterranean, irregularly ellipsoid, 3-4,5x1 cm, in a short chain; leaves developed after anthesis, linear, 20-25x0,6 cm, coriaceous, silvery-green, sheathing at base; inflorescence peduncle reddish, with 3-4 well-spaced sheaths; rachis 4,5-10 cm long, 10-30-flowered; bracts 3-5 mm long; flower brownish (sepals) and yellow (petals, lip): “when one views the flower spike from an above position, the flowers are predominantly yellow, all the way down the spike, however if you lie on the ground and view the flower spike from underneath the flowers are predominantly red, all the way up” (Kirkel in Orchids S. Afr. 39/2: 13, 2008); pedicel and ovary 10-13 mm long; sepals ovate, reflexed, 6-7x3-4 mm, the laterals with ear-like projections on lower edges; petals horizontal, ± orbicular, apiculate, 6-10x6-9 mm; lip projecting, 8-11 mm long, obscurely 3-lobed, difficult to flatten; side lobes erect, joined to column foot at base; mid-lobe convex, elliptic, with callus of 3 raised rugulose ridges; spur vestigial, “a conical projection”; fruit pendent, 15-18 mm long.
Ecology : Dry grassland, in exposed places; open burnt grassland; flood plain grassland; miombo and mixed deciduous woodland; on bare soil; 1100-2100 m alt.
  SE S. Africa, Botswana; Madagascar ? (Pridgeon & al., Gen. orchid. 5: 102, 2009).
  Often misidentified as E. clitellifera (with spur 3-4 mm long).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte, Succulent- Ht 0.15 - 0.4 m. Alt: 155 - 1525 m. Distribution: BOT, EC, GA, NW, WC

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 29: t.1128 (1952).
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 130 (1997).
  • Orchids of Southern Africa : 376 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
carte afrique num 45784
Record n°45784
Feedback about this record