African Plant Database


Eulophia nyasae Rendle
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 4: 44 (1894)
Information on the genus : Eulophia
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia bletilloides Schltr. (1915)
=Eulophia ecalcarata G. Will. (1980)
=Eulophia farcta G. Will. (1980)
=Eulophia florulenta Kraenzl. (1904)
=Eulophia hockii De Wild.
=Eulophia limodoroides Kraenzl. (1914)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial semi-saprophytic herb, robust, 25-40 cm tall, drying black; rhizome subterranean, cigar-shaped, fleshy, branching, 5-7 cm long, 1,5-2,5 cm Ø; leaves 2-4, vestigial, to 6 cm long, brown; inflorescences 1-3; peduncle yellow-green, with 5 scarious sheaths; rachis 9-22 cm long, 10-25-flowered; bracts linear, 9-25 mm long; flowers not opening wide, spread in all directions (“untidy”), violet-scented, green speckled brown or brown (sepals), petals green tinged with purple, lip white veined with red; pedicel and ovary c. 11 mm long, arched; sepals oblanceolate, 12-15x2-3 mm, erect, keeled; petals lanceolate, 10-13x3-4 mm, overlying column; lip convex, 3-lobed, 11-16 mm long, 9-12 mm wide; side lobes erect, as long as obovate mid-lobe (6-7x5-6 mm); callus of 3 basal ridges with 3-5 lines of long papillae on mid-lobe (edges undulate); spur 3-8 mm long, apex bulbous, straight or decurved; fruit pendent, ellipsoid, 28-30 mm long, c. 14 mm Ø. – Often in small colonies.
Ecology : Brachystegia or mixed woodland; dambos; miombo woodland or scrub; on sandy or stony or rocky soil; amongst rocks on hillsides; sometimes on cupriferous beds; 870-1680 m alt.
  Very variable in size of flowers and lip ornamentation. Peloric forms (i.e. lip petaloid) not uncommon.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 133 (1995).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
More information >> ( work in progress )
 
Record n°45800
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