African Plant Database


Eulophia nyasae Rendle
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 4: 44 (1894)
Information on the genus : Eulophia
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia bletilloides Schltr. (1915)
=Eulophia ecalcarata G. Will. (1980)
=Eulophia farcta G. Will. (1980)
=Eulophia florulenta Kraenzl. (1904)
=Eulophia hockii De Wild.
=Eulophia limodoroides Kraenzl. (1914)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial semi-saprophytic herb, robust, 25-40 cm tall, drying black; rhizome subterranean, cigar-shaped, fleshy, branching, 5-7 cm long, 1,5-2,5 cm Ø; leaves 2-4, vestigial, to 6 cm long, brown; inflorescences 1-3; peduncle yellow-green, with 5 scarious sheaths; rachis 9-22 cm long, 10-25-flowered; bracts linear, 9-25 mm long; flowers not opening wide, spread in all directions (“untidy”), violet-scented, green speckled brown or brown (sepals), petals green tinged with purple, lip white veined with red; pedicel and ovary c. 11 mm long, arched; sepals oblanceolate, 12-15x2-3 mm, erect, keeled; petals lanceolate, 10-13x3-4 mm, overlying column; lip convex, 3-lobed, 11-16 mm long, 9-12 mm wide; side lobes erect, as long as obovate mid-lobe (6-7x5-6 mm); callus of 3 basal ridges with 3-5 lines of long papillae on mid-lobe (edges undulate); spur 3-8 mm long, apex bulbous, straight or decurved; fruit pendent, ellipsoid, 28-30 mm long, c. 14 mm Ø. – Often in small colonies.
Ecology : Brachystegia or mixed woodland; dambos; miombo woodland or scrub; on sandy or stony or rocky soil; amongst rocks on hillsides; sometimes on cupriferous beds; 870-1680 m alt.
  Very variable in size of flowers and lip ornamentation. Peloric forms (i.e. lip petaloid) not uncommon.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 133
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 45800
 
Record n°45800
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