African Plant Database


Eulophia arenicola Schltr.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Kunene-Sambesi-Exped. 217 (1903)
Information on the genus : Eulophia
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial slender herb 9-40 cm tall, flowering when leafless, from a chain of whitish subterranean onion-shaped tubers c. 1,2 cm high, 1,5 cm long; leaves 4-5 (after anthesis) ligulate, c. 5x1 cm; inflorescence laxly 5-12-flowered; peduncle with 3 scarious bracts near base; flowers horizontal, sepals green flushed with purple, petals yellow-green purple-veined inside, lip purple with 2 yellow calli, spur yellow-green purple-tipped; bracts narrowly elliptic, to 3 mm long; pedicel and ovary c. 10 mm long; sepals oblanceolate, apiculate, 4-6x1,5-3 mm; petals ± orbicular, 5-7x3,5-5 mm; lip sigmoid, 7-8 mm long, 3-lobed with 2 prominent yellow calli in the throat; side lobes erect, joined to the column at base, mid-lobe bent down at junction of the lobes; spur conical, horizontal, 1,5-3 mm long.
Ecology : Open forest; dry grassland; Cryptosepalum woodland on Kalahari sand; floodplain grassland; dambo; often after fire; often in sandy soil overlying rock; rocky places under trees; 1120-2300 m alt.
  N Botswana.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.1 - 0.4 m. Alt: ? - 1000 m. Distribution: BOT

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 482-483
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
 
Map
More information >> ( work in progress )
 
Record n°45801
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