African Plant Database


Eulophia alta (L.) Fawc. & Rendle
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Fl. Jamaica [Fawcett & Rendle] 1: 112 (1910)
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Limodorum altum L.
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Limodorum altum L.
 Bletia alta (L.) Hitchc.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia longifolia (Kunth) Schltr.
=Dendrobium longifolium Kunth
=Cyrtopera woodfordii (Sims) Lindl.
=Cyrtopodium woordfordii Sims
=Eulophia woodfordii (Sims) Rolfe (1897)
=Cypripedium epidendricum Vell.
=Cyrtopera vellosiana Barb. Rodr.
=Cyrtopera woodfordii var. pachystelida Rchb. f.
=Govenia barbata Poepp. & Endl.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 1-2 m tall; rhizome subterranean, elongate, fleshy, 1-2 cm Ø; leaves 4-8, erect, lanceolate-acuminate, 20-120x2-10 cm, folded, with long petiole; inflorescence densely 15-40-flowered, scape with 3 sheaths; bracts linear, aristate, reflexed, 10-35x2 mm; pedicel and ovary 18-20 mm long, glabrous; flowers not opening widely, green and purple (lip), albino-forms rare; sepals oblong-lanceolate, 18-20x4-5 mm; petals oblong-ligulate, 15-19x3-5 mm; lip 14-19x8-12 mm, 3-lobed in apical half, base saccate; side lobes rounded; mid-lobe 5-6x8 mm, margins undulate; lip with callus of 2 flap-like ridges in the middle and with papillae on veins of mid-lobe; fruit c. 3 cm long, pendent.
Ecology : Riverine forest and thicket, margins of fringing forest; herb-grown marshes on river bank with, i.a., Fuirena spp.; Papyrus and other swamps; evergreen rain-forest; semi-deciduous forest; in wet places; wet grassland; sometimes lithophyte on rocky river banks; 50-1500 m alt.
  Easily recognised by its large stature, relatively small flowers with green sepals and petals and deep purple saccate lip.
  KOLANOWSKA, M. & D. L. SZLACHETKO (2014). Niche conservatism of Eulophia alta, a trans-Atlantic orchid species. Acta Soc. Polon. 83: 51-57.
  Tropical and subtropical America from Florida to Brazil and Peru, West Indies.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 486
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
 
Map
carte afrique num 45898
 
Record n°45898
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