African Plant Database


Eulophia flavopurpurea (Rchb. f.) Rolfe
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Fl. Trop. Afr. [Oliver et al.] 7(1): 65 (1897)
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Cyrtopera flavopurpurea Rchb. f.
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cyrtopera flavopurpurea Rchb. f.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia andersonii (Rolfe) A.D. Hawkes
=Lissochilus andersonii Rolfe (1910)
=Eulophia millsonii (Rolfe) Summerh.
=Lissochilus millsonii Rolfe (1897)
=Eulophia tubifera Kraenzl.
=Lissochilus lacteus Kraenzl. (1909)
=Lissochilus johnsonii Rolfe (1910)
=Lissochilus seretii De Wild. (1910)
=Lissochilus corbisieri De Wild. (1919)
=*Lissochilus ochroleucus A. Chev. (1913)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 35-100 cm tall, attractive, glabrous; tubers subterranean, 2-3-noded, 3-4x1-2 cm irregularly shaped, in a series; leaves 3-4, appearing after anthesis, linear, folded, acuminate, 5-35x0,5-1,5 cm; peduncle 30-75 cm long, with 3 widely spaced sheaths; raceme 2-20 cm long, laxly 1-5-15-flowered; flowers ± horizontal, pale greenish-yellow, ± flushed with purple, not opening widely, delicately scented; bracts linear, spreading, 15-30x3 mm; pedicel and ovary 13-21 mm long; sepals ± lanceolate, falcate, 17-35x4-7 mm; petals elliptic-ovate, 18-25x7-12 mm; lip ligulate, 20-30x10-20 mm, 3-lobed near middle; side lobes narrowly oblong, rounded, 4 mm long; mid-lobe orbicular, deflexed, 11-16x12-16 mm, callus of 5-11 verrucose ridges, margins undulate; spur conical, 3-8 mm long; fruit pendent, 24-28 mm long.
Ecology : (Wet) grassland; swamps; wet dambo in woodland; savanna with Imperata sp.; transition zone with savanna woodland; savanna patches in forest; sandy peat; vlei; open Combretum woodland; open meadows with scattered bushes; 480-1650 m alt.
  “Has been used for crossing with E. cristata to produce very beautiful and delicately coloured hybrids”. E. x burundiensis is a hybrid E. cucullata x E. flavopurpurea.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 497
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Oliver, D., Dyer, W.T.T.; Prain, D.; Hill, A.W. (1897). Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 65 
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
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Record n°45908 modified 2007-04-05
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