African Plant Database

Eulophia macrantha Rolfe
Protologue : Fl. Trop. Afr. [Oliver et al.] 7(1): 62 (1897)
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial saprophytic herb 38-100 cm tall, robust; tubers ellipsoid; leaves absent; inflorescence peduncle yellow with brownish loose sheaths; rachis densely 3-20-flowered; flowers large, showy, 7-8 cm Ø; creamy- or primrose-yellow (tepals), lip maroon; bracts lanceolate, c. 35 mm long; pedicel and ovary arched, c. 15 mm long; sepals and petals ovate, acute; dorsal sepal erect, laterals spreading, all c. 45-50x18-20 mm; petals spreading, 40x16 mm; lip 20-35 mm long, 16-22 mm wide, 3-lobed, densely papillose; side lobes triangular, c. 5 mm long; mid-lobe oblong, 14x9 mm; callus of 4 rows of dentate-denticulate lamellae; spur straight, cylindrical, 8-10 mm long.
Ecology : Always associated with bamboo, growing in clumps; Oxytenanthera thickets; on the Asiatic (introduced) Bambusa vulgaris (Malawi); 1000-1200 m alt.
  Extremely local in occurrence, but usually plentiful where it grows. Remarkable for its large broad flowers and the prominent lip lamellae.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 520
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°45913 modified 2007-04-05
Feedback about this record