African Plant Database


Eulophia pyrophila (Rchb. f.) Summerh.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Lissochilus pyrophilus Rchb. f.
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Lissochilus pyrophilus Rchb. f.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia letouzeyana Geerinck
=Eulophia maesta (Merxm.) Butzin
=Lissochilus maestus Merxm. (1951)
=Eulophia microceras (Rchb. f.) Summerh.
=Lissochilus microceras Rchb. f. (1878)
=Eulophia sordida Kraenzl. (1904)
=Lissochilus heteroglossus Rchb. f. (1878)
=Lissochilus cochlearis Schltr. (1916)
=Lissochilus taylorii Ridl. (1886)
=Eulophia taylorii (Ridl.) Butzin (1975)
=Eulophia excavata Butzin
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 13-50 cm tall, “drab-looking”; tubers subterranean, irregularly conical, 1-3x1-2,5 cm, in chains, yellow, 2-4-noded; leaves 4-5, developing after anthesis, leathery-fleshy, linear-lanceolate, 3-14x0,2-0,3 cm, folded; inflorescence peduncle with 3 sheaths, rachis 15-25 cm long, laxly 10-20-flowered; flowers chocolate or dull brown, lip and callus yellow (cream); bracts spreading, linear, 3-9 mm long; pedicel and ovary 9-20 mm long; sepals oblong-elliptic, 5-7x2,5-3,5 mm; petals elliptic, 6-8x4-6 mm; lip 3-lobed, 6-7,5 mm long, 5-7 mm wide; side lobes triangular, united for 1/2 of length to column; mid-lobe convex, elliptic, margin undulate; callus of 5-9 fleshy rugulose ridges on basal 1/2 of mid-lobe; spur conical, 1,5-2,5 mm long; fruit pendent, 17-20 mm long.
Ecology : Brachystegia woodland; short, often burnt grassland; open places among short grass; amongst rocks; on sand plain; 600-2730 m alt.
  Note: Szlachetko & Olszewski in Flore du Cameroun 35: 656, 658, 2001, and Szlachetko in Ruizia 20: 250-251, 2008, treat E. sordida Kraenzl. as a distinct species. The type material was collected by Otto Warnecke (N° 95) in Togo, Lome. The latter collected in Togo, Lome District, between c. 1899 and 1902, and in E. Africa (Tanzania) 1903-1908. The above-mentioned authors interpret “Lome” as “Lame Gebiet” in Cameroon, and for this reason they have included the plant in Flore du Cameroun. They also treat E. sordida as distinct from E. pyrophila.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1998). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[2]: 486
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 45924
 
Record n°45924
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