African Plant Database

Eulophia pulchra (Thouars) Lindl.
Protologue : Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 182 (1833)
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Limodorum pulchrum Thouars
Status for MA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Oeceoclades pulchra (Thouars) M. A. Clem. & P. J. Cribb
Status for TA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Oeceoclades pulchra (Thouars) M. A. Clem. & P. J. Cribb
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Lissochilus pulcher (Thouars) Summerh.
 Oeceoclades pulchra (Thouars) M. A. Clem. & P. J. Cribb (1989)
 Limodorum pulchrum Thouars (1822)
 Lissochilus pulcher (Thouars) H. Perrier (1941)
 Eulophidium pulchrum (Thouars) Summerh. (1957)
 Graphorkis pulchra (Thouars) Kuntze (1891)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia silvatica Schltr. (1915)
=Eulophidium silvaticum (Schltr.) Summerh. (1957)
=Eulophia striata Rolfe (1891)
=Eulophia emarginata Blume (1858)
=Eulophia coccifera Frapp. ex Cordem. (1895)
=Eulophia versicolor Frapp. ex Cordem. (1895)
=Eulophia macrostachya Lindl. (1833)
=Eulophia rouxii Kraenzl. (1914)
=Eulophia papuana F. M. Bailey (1907)
=Eulophia dahliana Kraenzl.
=Eulophia ambaxiana J. J. Sm. (1909)
=Eulophia guamensis Ames
=Eulophia novoebudae Kraenzl.
=Eulophia pelorica D. L. Jones & M. A. Clem.
=Graphorkis bisdahliana Kuntze
=Graphorkis blumeana Kuntze
=Graphorkis calographis Thouars
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 60-70 cm tall; pseudobulbs above ground, erect, cylindrical, 10-14x c. 1 cm, green, clustered; leaves 2-4, erect, long-petiolate, (ob-)lanceolate, 30-80x1,5-9 cm, folded, glossy; inflorescence densely many-flowered, peduncle with c. 6 sheaths, rachis 6-10 cm long; flowers yellow or pale green, lip side lobes marked with purple, callus orange; bracts linear, 10-26 mm long; pedicel and ovary 13-21 mm long; sepals narrowly oblong-elliptic, 12-15 mm long; petals ovate-oblong, 11-13x4-6 mm; lip recurved, 7 mm long, 18 mm wide, 3-lobed but appearing 4-lobed when flattened; side lobes rounded; mid-lobe recurved, emarginate (2-lobed); callus of 2 fleshy lobes at mouth of spur; spur globose, 3-4 mm long.
Ecology : Riverine forest; montane rain-forest; in deep shade; 600-1400 m alt.
  Very variable in size.
  From Mauritius, Madagascar, Réunion, across tropical Asia [India-Sri Lanka-Indochina] and the Malay Archipelago to New Guinea, the Philippines and southwestern Pacific islands (Pridgeon & al., Gen. orchid. 5: 102, 2009).
  “Although this species has characters which agree with both Eulophia and Oeceoclades, with its plicate leaves it seems to fit better in Eulophia. Oeceoclades, as originally circumscribed, has conduplicate leaves” (Fl. Zambes., l.c.). However, Bone & al. in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 45, 2015, place E. pulchra in Oeceoclades.
  Note on E. versicolor Frapp. ex Cordem. In an article (Richardiana 14: 229-235, 2014) J.-B. Castillon transferred this species to Oeceoclades: O. versicolor (Frapp. ex Cordem.) J.-B. Castillon (o.c.: 234), with the synonym O. bernetii J.-B. Castillon; a plant “quite distinct from E. pulchra”, endemic to Réunion. The characters given are: the leaves 12-15 cm long, not folded, inflorescence erect and c. 20 cm tall, lip of flower obscurely 3-lobed, with a callus of 2 ridges at base of lip. We leave the question open whether E. versicolor/O.versicolor is a distinct species or not and if it belongs to Eulophia or Oeceoclades.
Biol./Eco : Herb; Humid, Subhumid; Forest; 0-499 m, 500-999 m; distribution: Mascarenes, Africa,
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
no map available
Record n°46172
Feedback about this record