African Plant Database


Satyrium sphaeranthum Schltr.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 532 (1915); Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 476-605 (1915) 
Information on the genus : Satyrium
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 25-110 cm tall, glabrous; tubers ellipsoid-fusiform, 1,5-4,5x0,7-1,7 cm; stem leafy; leaves 6-8, the lowest 1-2 sheath-like, the middle 1-3 leaves borne near base, ovate-elliptic, 9-30x4,5-13,5 cm, the remaining sheathing, 5-14x1-3 cm; inflorescence cylindrical, 4,5-41x1,5-2,5 cm, densely many-flowered; flowers white or golden-yellow; bracts lanceolate, 10-30 mm long, reflexed; ovary 5-7 mm long; tepals deflexed; dorsal sepal oblong, 5-6x1 mm; laterals similar but somewhat wider; petals similar, but smaller; lip fleshy, hooded, ± globose, 5-7 mm long, apex reflexed, mouth small; spurs 2, 6-12 mm long, parallel to ovary, often with a pair of additional spurs 0,5-1,5 mm long.
Ecology : Transition zones: between evergreen forest and grassland, between thicket and Brachystegia woodland, between riverine forest and woodland; grassland with scattered bushes; edge of woodland; Hagenia forest; ericaceous shrub; damp depressions with Helichrysum, Cirsium, Berkheya, Satyrium sceptrum; 1280-2800 m alt.
  In Malawi: white-flowered plants occur at lower altitude (below 1700 m alt.), yellow flowers above 2000 m. (Fl. Zambes. 11/1: 218, 1995).
  Szlachetko & al. (Orchid. W.-C. Afr. 1: 82-83, 2010) consider S. sphaeranthum Schltr. 1915 as a synonym of [S. sacculatum (Rendle) Rolfe =] S. coriophoroides.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 156 (1995).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
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Record n°46271
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