African Plant Database


Nervilia shirensis (Rolfe) Schltr.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Information on the genus : Nervilia
Basionym : Pogonia shirensis Rolfe
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Pogonia shirensis Rolfe (1897)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Nervilia umbrosa auct. sensu Schelpe p.p.
=Pogonia purpurata auct. Brain
=Pogonia buchananii Rolfe (1897)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 10-44 cm tall; tuber ovoid-globose, 1,5-3x1-3 cm, 4-7-noded; leaf 1 (after flowering), erect, large, ovate, 6-16x3,5-11 cm, glabrous, pleated, base attenuate, veins 6-10; petiole 5,5-17 cm long; scape (1-)2-3-flowered; flowers large, thick-textured, greenish-yellow (lip white), veined purple, facing the same way, set close together, faintly vanilla-scented; bracts linear, 22-31 mm long; sepals and petals linear-lanceolate, 25-45x4-7 mm; lip ovate, 19-40x22-31 mm, 3-lobed, with 2 parallel fleshy pubescent ridges running down the basal half; side lobes oblong, 20 mm wide, enclosing column; midlobe 9-13 mm wide; fruit 14-19x12 mm.
Ecology : Brachystegia woodland, deciduous woodland; riverine forest; grassland; plantations of pine, cypress, Gmelina; 480-2200 m alt.
  Pollinated by wasps. Quotation from Centr. Aric. Rep. is probably erroneous (See above). Reference to Chad, Télé (specim. Chevalier 8412) corresponds to NW- Centr. Afr.Rep.; the specimen probably belongs to N. bicarinata.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1995). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 11[1]: 266
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
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Record n°46570
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