African Plant Database


Adansonia digitata L.
Family : Bombacaceae
Family (APGIII) : MALVACEAE
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 1190 (1753); Syst. Nat., ed. 10 2: 1144 (1759)
Information on the genus : Adansonia
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Adansonia situla (Lour.) Spreng. (1826)
 Ophelus sitularius Lour. (1790)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=*Adansonia somalensis Chiov. (1932)
=Adansonia sphaerocarpa A. Chev.
=Adansonia sulcata A. Chev. (1906)
=Adansonia digitata var. congolensis A. Chev. (1906)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Deciduous tree to 20(-27) m, with stout trunk, tapering or cylindrical and abruptly bottle-shaped, or short and squat, to 10-(-17,7?) m ?
  see more in the book
Ecology : (The Guinness Book of Records 1991, but doubtful) and by 21-27,4-34 (but with 4 stems) -39,6? m perimeter. – The largest trees are not necessarily the oldest; genetic differences between trees, location and access to water are important.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Tree- Ht 3 - 18 m. Alt: 100 - 1060 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, LP
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Tree; Dry; Anthropic; 0-499 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa Bombacaeae: 1-4

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bothalia 3: 246 (1937).
  • Kew Bull. 37: 174-202 (1982)
  • Ethnobotany of the Kwanyama Ovambos : 52-53 (1985).
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 82 (1986).
  • Fl. Pl. Africa 50: t.1967 (1988).
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 45 (1997).

Bibliography other :
  • Syst. Nat., ed. 10 2: 1144 (1759).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 48434
 
Record n°48434 modified 2007-03-30
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